Bonobo Diseases

CONTENTS / Bonobos: Health & Management / Lists of diseases:
LIST OF BONOBO DISEASES:

  • Common Diseases, Zoonoses etc.
  • By Main Signs/System Affected
  • By Disease Agent

This list page enables you to scroll down the diseases of Bonobos. The diseases are grouped together, first indicating COMMON DISEASES AND REASONS FOR PRESENTATION, then with SIMILAR DISEASES DEFINED BY THE MAIN SIGNS OR SYSTEM AFFECTED e.g. all the diseases causing mainly respiratory signs or respiratory system pathology are in the group "Respiratory Diseases", and arranged by alphabetical order within the groups, and finally grouped by DISEASE AGENT TYPE (viral, bacterial etc.) again organised alphabetically within each group.

NOTE: A relatively small number of bonobos have been kept in captivity and the published literature on bonobo diseases is quite sparse. It is probable that bonobos are susceptible to practically all diseases seen naturally in chimpanzees and to most diseases seen in the other great apes, humans and other non-human primates (the exceptions being species-specific viral or parasitic infections). The following list includes diseases which have been reported in bonobos PLUS common/important diseases seen in other great apes, particularly Pan troglodytes - Chimpanzee. It is strongly recommended that other diseases of humans and of nonhuman primates, not listed here, also be considered as differential diagnoses.

For further information linking diseases to the system or area of the body to assist in diagnosis see also: 

Common diseases, zoonoses etc.
Diseases by system/clinical signs
Diseases by agent type

 

Bonobos: Health and Management
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Species Information
Bonobo Diseases
Drug Data
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Further Reading

DIRECTORY: Organisations providing information on Bonobos

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Common diseases, zoonoses etc.

Common Diseases & Reasons for Presentation

Diarrhoeal diseases are the most common diseases of primates. (J504.31S.w1)

Respiratory disease is common and can be fatal

Cardiac diseases are common causes of death in adults

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Common Diseases of Neonates and Hand-Reared Bonobos

Note: the highest risk of mortality of great apes is in the first 24 hours. Risk continues high during the first month and (to a lesser extent) the first year. (B23.50.w50)

In rescued orphaned bonobos arriving at Lola ya Bonobo

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Zoonoses

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Diseases reported only from Experimental Infection, or as a Host with no Clinical Signs

Natural infection with no clinical signs has been reported for the following in bonobos

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Diseases by system/clinical signs

Skin Diseases

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Respiratory Diseases

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Musculo-Skeletal, Locomotor and Nervous Diseases

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Cardiovascular Diseases

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Digestive System / Gastro-Intestinal Diseases

Oral

Digestive tract

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Hepatic Diseases

  • --

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Renal/Urogenital Diseases

Urinary/Renal

Reproductive problems are not common in bonobos; most that do occur are related to pregnancy. (P20.2010.w1)

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Eye / Ear Diseases

  • --

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Systemic Diseases

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Diseases by agent type

Viral Diseases

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Bacterial Diseases

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Fungal / Algal Diseases

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Parasitic Diseases

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Toxic Diseases

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Micro-nutrient (Vitamin / Mineral) Diseases

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Physical / Traumatic Diseases

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Miscellaneous / Multifactorial / Metabolic Diseases

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