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~ Elephants: Diseases and Treatment ~

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Further Reading
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This "Elephants: Diseases and Treatment" Wildpro volume has been funded by:

and supported by:

Click image for further information on Twycross Zoo - The World Primate Centre

Click image for further information on Chester Zoo - The North of England Zoological Society

Logo_WIN.jpg (233179 bytes)


Gracia Vila-Garcia (WIN) & Debra C Bourne (WIN)

Consulting Editor/Lead Reviewer: Susan K Mikota, Elephant Care International

Scientific Advisor: Suzanne I Boardman (Twycross Zoo)

The purpose of this volume is:

  • To provide zoos and conservation organisations with the information they require on elephant diseases and their treatment

We particularly wish to thank:

  • Andrew Greenwood (IZVG) Susan Mikota (Elephant Care International), Mark Pilgrim (Chester Zoo) and John Ray (Twycross Zoo) for their guidance in developing this volume of Wildpro.
  • Susan Mikota, who reviewed the whole volume in detail and provided excellent advice throughout the project.
  • All our reviewers for reviewing sections of this volume and providing advice. Jacob Cheeran, Ashoka Dangolla and Indira Silva reviewed the volume in general and provided very useful comments. Detailed reviews of sections were provided by Ellen Dierenfeld who reviewed the nutritional, toxic and metabolic diseases together with diseases of the gastro-intestinal tract and liver; Harald Schwammer who reviewed the foot diseases; Thomas Hildebrandt who reviewed the reproductive diseases; Peter Kertesz who reviewed the tusk and dental diseases; Willem Schaftenaar who reviewed the dystocia and elephant epidural injection pages; and Duane Ullrey who reviewed the nutritional diseases. Any remaining errors are the responsibility of the editors.
  • All the photographers for kindly allowing us to use their photographs to illustrate this volume, including Gary Batters, Wayne Boardman, Mike BungardCDC, Chester Zoo, Colchester Zoo, Jonathan Cracknell, Hank Hammett & Susan Mikota, IZW-Berlin, Alaina Macri (Colchester Zoo), Khyne U Mar, Scotch Macaskill, Ian Redmond, Clive Sawyer, Willem Schaftenaar, Harald Schwammer, Mark Stidworthy (IZVG), Twycross Zoo and Nicole Weissenböck.
  • All the organisations who gave us permission to include the documents which have been added to the Wildpro Electronic Library specifically for this volume: American Zoo and Aquarium Association (AZA); British and Irish Association of Zoos and Aquariums (BIAZA); Elephant Care International; The Elephant Managers Association; The National Tuberculosis Working Group For Zoo & Wildlife Species; Nutrition Advisory Group (AZA); the elephant veterinarians and wildlife managers and wardens of Kerala, India; Willem Schaftenaar & Thomas B. Hildebrandt (European Elephant TAG veterinary advisors); Kobus du Toit and the South African Veterinary Foundation; Zoo Outreach Organisation. We hope this Wildpro volume will help to make the documents and important work of these organisations more widely accessible. 
NOTE: Wildpro is a multi-volume encyclopaedia. Reference lists (Books, Journals etc.) and individual reference pages (e.g. J1 – Journal of Wildlife Diseases) list ALL the references which have been added to the Wildpro Encyclopaedia to date, NOT just the references for a single volume.

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For further details please contact us: 



Wildlife Information Network
East Midland Zoological Society