TECHNIQUE

Intraperitoneal Injection for Birds (Disease Investigation & Control - Treatment and Care)

Summary Information
Type of technique Health & Management / Disease Investigation & Control / Treatment & Care / Techniques:
Synonyms and Keywords --
Description The following description outlines the procedure as described by Humphreys (B10.26.w3) and Coles (B14).
  • Pick skin and underlying muscle up using forceps, forming a "tent".
  • Insert needle on the midline abdomen, immediately anterior to the pubic bones (B10.26.w3) or slightly to the right of the midline (B14).
  • Direct needle almost horizontally to avoid underlying viscera

(B10.26.w3, B14)

Appropriate Use (?)
  • Isotonic solutions are readily absorbed.
Notes
  • May actually be intra-airsac.
  • Injection should be into ventral hepatic peritoneal cavity if needle correctly inserted (B14).
Complications/ Limitations / Risk
  • More difficult in a bird which is not sedated.
  • Flooding of the airsacs may occur.
  • Risk of lacerating internal organs.
  • Not suitable in birds with peritonitis, abdominal mass, coelomic effusion or hypotension (B119.w2).
Equipment / Chemicals required and Suppliers
  • Appropriate sized needle and syringe.
  • Appropriate fluids/medication.
Expertise level / Ease of Use Difficult. Procedure should only be undertaken by an individual with appropriate clinical training and practical experience; this would usually be a veterinarian or someone with advanced veterinary technician training.
Cost/ Availability Not expensive, unless medication/fluids being administered are expensive.
Legal and Ethical Considerations In some countries there may be legislation restricting the use of this type of technique to licensed veterinarians. For example in the UK: "The Veterinary Surgeons Act 1966 (Section 19) provides, subject to a number of exceptions, that only registered members of the Royal College of Veterinary Surgeons may practice veterinary surgery."(see: LCofC1 - RCVS Guide to Professional Conduct 2000 - Treatment of Animals by Non-Veterinary Surgeons).).

Use of Drugs (Medication):

  • Many drugs are not registered for use in particular bird species and care should be taken in their use, with proper regard for possible toxic effects. Consideration should be give to relevant legislation regarding the use of drugs.
  • In the UK, guidelines regarding the use of drugs are set out in the Royal College of Veterinary Surgeons Guide to Professional Conduct 2000: (see: LCofC1 - RCVS Guide to Professional Conduct 2000 - Choice of Medicinal Products).
Author Debra Bourne
Referee  
References B10.26.w3, B14, B119.w2

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