Hazing - Land Vehicles

Summary Information
Type of technique Health & Management / Disease Investigation & Control / Environmental and Population Management / Techniques:
Synonyms and Keywords All-terrain vehicles, quadrunners, snowmobiles.
  • Use of all-terrain vehicles such as quadrunners or (in appropriate conditions) snowmobiles to disturb birds and drive them away from an area.
  • The effect of the noise and rapid movement of the vehicle is reinforced by the presence of humans. (D135.3.w3)
  • Vehicles may have their effect enhanced by adding airhorns or sirens, or may be used together with other forms of hazing such as pyrotechnics. 

(B36.4.w4, D10, D135.3.w3, D160.App3.w11)

Appropriate Use (?)
  • May be moderately effective in hazing many waterfowl and shorebird species. (D135.3.w3, D160.App3.w11)
  • May be used to move other hazing devices. (D10)
  • Allow larger areas to be protected than if patrolled on foot. (D10, D160.App3.w11)
  • All-terrain vehicles may be used to reach areas inaccessible to other vehicles.
  • Snowmobiles may be used to reach areas when snow prevents the used of other vehicles.
  • Provide both auditory and visual deterrence. (D10)
  • Increase efficiency of other deterrents such as bangers. (D10)
Complications/ Limitations / Risk
  • May adversely affect habitat driven over, e.g. marshlands. (D10, D160.App3.w11)
  • Not useful over water (only useful for birds onshore). (D10, D160.App3.w11)
  • Less useful at night. (D10, D160.App3.w11)
  • Limited usefulness of even all-terrain vehicles on some terrain. (D10)
Equipment / Chemicals required and Suppliers
  • Appropriate vehicles (e.g. quadrunners), fuel and drivers.
Expertise level / Ease of Use
  • Experienced drivers.
Cost/ Availability
  • Cost of appropriate vehicles, fuel and drivers.
Legal and Ethical Considerations
  • Risk of damage to land driven over. (D10, D160.App3.w11)
Author Dr Debra Bourne MA VetMB PhD MRCVS (V.w5)
Referee --
References B36.4.w4, D10, D135.3.w3, D160.App3.w11

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