Faecal / Urine contamination of substrate

Summary Information

Classification Physical / Substrate, Space, Physical Force & Predation / Type:

(This physical factors section is currently used in Wildpro predominantly to link different data types and demonstrate inter-relationships. It does not contain detailed information on the physical factor itself.)

Synonyms --
  • In the wild, most animals do not closely contact their own wastes.
  • Dirty, unhygienic conditions increase contact between the animals and potentially pathogenic microorganism and infectious stages of macro-parasites.
  • On a purely physical level, there may effects such as contamination with droppings/excreta affecting feather structure (and therefore waterproofing), and skin, and material from excreta becoming trapped underneath leg rings.
  • Mammalian urine can cause severe damage to the skin if in prolonged contact (Urine scald).
Directly Associated Waterfowl Diseases
  • Bumblefoot (Pododermatitis, Chronic arthritis-synovitis, Purulent synovitis)

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