< > D307 - Management Guidelines for the Welfare of Zoo Animals: Elephants (Loxodonta africana and Elephas maximus) Second Edition

Author(s) /Editors Elephant TAG
Publishing Organisation BIAZA - British and Irish Association of Zoos and Aquariums
Date most recently updated 2006
ISSN (Or other code, if issued) --

Return to top of page

CONTENTS (If available - Descriptions / Protocols / Text Sections)  within Wildpro

Document available in .pdf format

You will need Adobe Acrobat Reader software on your computer to read this file.

Click here to download the document

Click here to download Adobe Acrobat Reader software

For free download on-line - click here to "Get Acrobat Reader"

Return to top of page

Specific Chapter/Section References

Reference Chapter/Section Title Chapter/Section Author Page nos.
Section 1: INTRODUCTION v
D307.1.1.w1 1.1 The Purpose of the Document   v
D307.1.2.w2 1.2 Additional Reasons for Management Guidelines   vi
D307.1.3.w3 1.3 Elephant Policy Statement of the Federation of Zoos   vii
Section 2: BIOLOGY AND FIELD DATA 9
  A: BIOLOGY 9
D307.2.1.w4 2.1 Taxonomy   9
D307.2.2.w5 2.2 Morphology   12
D307.2.3.w6 2.3 Physiology   14
D307.2.4.w7 2.4 Longevity   15
  B: FIELD DATA 16
D307.2.5.w8 2.5 Zoogeography / Ecology   16
D307.2.6.w9 2.6 Conservation and Protection   20
D307.2.7.w10 2.7 Diet and Feeding Behaviour   25
D307.2.8.w11 2.8 Reproduction   26
D307.2.9.w12 2.9 Behaviour and Social Organisation   27
Section 3: MANAGEMENT IN CAPTIVITY 33
D307.3.1.w13 3.1 Elephants and Man   33
D307.3.2.w14 3.2 General Guidance on Health and Welfare in Captivity   35
D307.3.3.w15 3.3 The Captive Environment   37
D307.3.4.w16 3.4 Feeding and Nutrition   46
D307.3.5.w17 3.5 Elephant Behaviour and Captivity   56
D307.3.6.w18 3.6 Captive Breeding   61
D307.3.7.w19 3.7 Population Management   75
D307.3.8.w20 3.8 Elephant Handling and Training   78
D307.3.9.w21 3.9 Standard Operating Procedure: Staff Training   97
D307.3.10.w22 3.10 Standard Operating Procedure: Use of Chains or Shackles on Elephants   100
D307.3.11.w23 3.11 Standard Operating Procedure: Voice Control   102
D307.3.12.w24 3.12 Standard Operating Procedure: Use of the Ankus or Hook on Elephants   103
D307.3.13.w25 3.13 Standard Operating Procedure: Use of the Electric Goad or Hotshot on Elephants   106
D307.3.14.w26 3.14 Transportation of Elephants   107
D307.3.15.w27 3.15 Medical Management   111
D307.3.16.w28 3.16 Standard on Educational Activities Involving Elephants   126
D307.3.17.w29 3.17 Research   128
D307.3.18.w30 3.18 Public Relations and Elephants   129
D307.3.19.w31 3.19 Management Audits and Document Revision   131
Section 4: Acknowledgements 134
Section 5: References/Bibliography 136
Section 6: Appendices 163
D307.6.1.w32 6.1 Appendix 1: Training Terminology   163
D307.6.2.w33 6.2 Appendix 2: Correct Application of Chains   173
D307.6.3.w34 6.3 Appendix 3: Risk Assessments   175
D307.6.4.w35 6.4 Appendix 4: Elephant Profiles   177
D307.6.5.w36 6.5 Appendix 5: Staff training   179
D307.6.6.w37 6.6 Appendix 6: Elephant Nutrition   182
D307.6.7.w38 6.7 Appendix 7: Elephant Survey Results   192
D307.6.8.w39 6.8 Appendix 8: Elephant TAG Survey Forms and Results   204
D307.6.9.w40 6.9 Appendix 9:  Research Priorities   214

Return to top of page