The International Bird Rescue
Research Center (IBRRC) is dedicated to mitigating the human impact on
aquatic birds and other wildlife, worldwide. This is achieved through
emergency response, education, research and planning.
Oil Spill response
During the last 30 years, IBRRC
has responded to more than 150 oil spills. Many of these spills
involved hundreds and sometimes thousands of birds. Due to the fact
that most states and other countries have not adequately prepared for
oil spills involving large numbers of birds, we have had to endure
crippling delays and inadequate facilities in many cases. However,
through this experience we have gained a great deal of knowledge about
setting up remote location oiled wildlife care centers and mounting
successful search and collection programs.
During the Exxon Valdez oil
spill for example, IBRRC staff organized and managed 2 of the 3
extensive search and rescue efforts and 3 oiled bird rehabilitation
centers that were located in different areas. The entire effort lasted
During the 1988-89 Nestucca oil
spill in Washington state, we worked with federal and state, we worked
with federal and state officials to create a search and collection
program that spanned the entire coastline of Washington and into
Oregon. Approximately 1,000 volunteers were used to capture and
rehabilitate oiled birds during this effort. During this spill, 3,500
oiled sea birds were housed in a local conference center that we
converted into an oiled wildlife rehabilitation center. It was
developed and functional within 72 hours. Even though consistent bad
weather caused electrical outages and other delays, we developed the
capacity to wash between 100 and 150 birds per day. This, of course,
required careful coordination and the management of volunteers during
a 6 week period.
Each individual on our 25 member
response team is unique. Collectively they represent decades of
experience and a unique expertise. They have arranged their lives so
that they can respond to spills when they occur. At the onset of a
spill IBRRC sends a few of it's first responders to assess the
situation. A work force is built from there. IBRRC staff members are
always added and deleted with the agreement and/or approval of the
spiller. Volunteers are always utilized and managed by IBRRC staff.
Response team members supervise volunteers as well as do their own
jobs. In some spills each IBRRC staff member is responsible for
approximately 30 volunteers a day working under them as part of their
team. In the long run this is a significant savings for the
responsible party and is very good for public relations and of course
the care of the animals.
IBRRC has responded to oil
spills around the world and our response team can get to a spill
within hours of being notified. Each of our staff has access to
response kits that contain many of the initial supplies needed to
provide medical care to birds, a copy of our internal contingency plan
for oil spill responses and other pertinent materials. The majority of
our response team members live in the western half of the United
States. Our goal is to train local rehabilitators and volunteers to be
initial responders if birds are captured prior to our arrival.
The International Bird Rescue
Research Center is known throughout the world as one of the leading
authorities on the care and rehabilitation of aquatic birds that are
victims of oil spills. However, many people are not aware that IBRRC
also operates year-round rehabilitation clinics and research
facilities in both northern and southern California.
In Northern California, our home
office and wildlife rehabilitation center is housed at the San
Francisco Bay Oiled Wildlife Care & Education Center located in
Fairfield, California. The Los Angeles Oiled Bird Care & Education
Center, located in San Pedro, California is home to our southern
California rehabilitation clinic.
IBRRC's rehabilitation program
concentrates on aquatic species, as these are the animals most
commonly affected in oil spills. Taking advantage of the large numbers
and variety of water birds admitted for care at the rehabilitation
centers, IBRRC continues to develop new and better methods of animal
husbandry and medical treatment. This not only helps those birds but
also makes us better prepared to treat aquatic species during an oil
spill event. Current areas of interest include developing appropriate
doses of antifungal medications in seabirds, exploring improvements in
nutritional supplementation, and refining the use of warm water
therapy pools for debilitated water birds.
Over 140 species have been
treated in the California rehabilitation program, from albatross and
swans to tiny sandpipers and rails. This ongoing program has allowed
IBRRC to gain extensive experience and expertise in seabird bird care.
In addition, outdoor housing space is dedicated to pools and aviaries
designed to meet the specialized needs of aquatic birds. As a result,
the program receives birds from rehabilitation centers throughout the
state (Wings on Wheels), and consults on both a national and an
international basis on this subject.
The San Francisco Bay Oiled
Wildlife Care & Education Center is located just south of
Fairfield in the town of Cordelia. This facility is one of a series
being constructed throughout the state of California by OWCN to
provide best achievable care to oiled wildlife. This newly built
facility is over 12,000 square feet and capable of housing and
treating over a thousand animals in the event of a major oil spill off
the Northern California coast. The building contains rooms devoted to
intake, food preparation, surgery, necropsy, a wash and rinse room
with 12 stations, and walk in freezers capable of storing up to a ton
and a half of fish. A separate 2,000 square foot building is devoted
to office space for IBRRC staff, a research library, training and
Built on three acres of land bordering the Suisun Marsh, the outdoor
areas have cold pools and warm therapy pools. Aviaries of different
sizes will allow recuperating birds to be in natural light.
IBRRC and the California Oiled
Wildlife Care Network (OWCN) are pleased to also open a new Southern
California center. Located in San Pedro, this facility is one of
series being constructed throughout the state by the OWCN to provide
best achievable care to oiled wildlife. Like the San Francisco Bay
area facility, this center is capable of handling up to 1000 birds in
the event of an oil spill in southern California. IBRRC will occupy
and operate the facility and, in addition to spill response, will
conduct a year-round aquatic bird rehabilitation program, caring for
injured, diseased, and orphaned water birds.
This building is approximately
12,000 square feet of which 1/3 is dedicated to public reception,
education and administration. The remaining 2/3 is devoted to animal
care and includes intake, hospital, animal holding, food preparation,
necropsy, and wash and rinse rooms. Pools and aviaries are outdoors.
The facility includes two classrooms one of which is furnished as a
science lab and the other for lectures. These will be used by the Los
Angeles Unified School District to provide curriculum in marine
studies to students grades K though 12. Because birds under going
rehabilitation may not be on exhibit, the public reception area is
equipped with TV monitors where guests can watch, in real time, what
is happening in the hospital and in the pool areas without causing
undue stress to the animals.
IBRRC looks forward to being
able to provide care for water birds in this facility that is designed
to do just that. We are excited to be able to provide more extensive
educational opportunities to both the general public and students.
Through these efforts we think the Los Angeles Oiled Bird Care an
Education Center will prove to be an asset to the community and we
look forward to activating these programs. IBRRC would like to thank
Long Beach Natural Resources Trust and Chevron Products Corporation
for their generous support.
Oiled wildlife response and
rehabilitation continues to be a growing and fast changing field. It
is exciting and challenging at the same time. We feel strongly that
the people involved in any profession are responsible for advancing
their field. Therefore, research devoted to improving this profession
is consistent and remains an important aspect of IBRRC.
IBRRC's research program
primarily focuses on improving the field of oiled wildlife care and
response and the general rehabilitation of aquatic birds through
practical application of new techniques, clinical trials and post
release studies. We also work with other wildlife experts and
specialists on many projects.
Current research projects
include: revising and developing new sea bird diets, developing
protocol for the control of airborne fungal disease in oiled birds,
long term alcid rehabilitation techniques, improved caging for
difficult species (loons and grebes) assisting avian specialists in
post release radio telemetry studies on rehabilitated oiled birds and
collecting blood normals for each species.
Much of our knowledge on oiled
bird care is learned during actual spill responses where many animals
are presented for our care. This type of research could be termed
opportunistic since we are given the immediate opportunity to apply
new techniques and gain information on managing large numbers of
birds. Our research is always passive in the sense that no bird is
ever sacrificed in the name of research. Our goal is to continually
improve the science of oiled wildlife rehabilitation.
Oil ingested by wildlife can
damage internal organs such as the liver and kidneys, as well as
destroying tissue in the digestive system. The development of medical
treatments that can reverse these effects are crucial to insure the
survival of the animal. This is an area where IBRRC focuses much of
For over 30 years IBRRC has
provided oiled wildlife collection, rehabilitation and documentation
services on an assured basis for companies that transport or hold
petroleum products. These services are performed under overall
direction of and use the criteria agreed to by appropriate state,
provincial and federal resource trustees.
IBRRC is committed to reducing
the impact of oil on wildlife by releasing the highest possible number
of animals back into the wild.
To do this most effectively,
IBRRC needs the cooperation of the Responsible Party (RP) and the
state and federal agencies. Animals being treated at the
rehabilitation center must move through the system as quickly as
possible. In all cases, IBRRC requests that the RP have a
representative at the rehabilitation center during working hours, or
at least available as needed, in order to expedite the communication
IBRRC maintains a 25-member
oiled wildlife response team comprised of trained and experienced
professional wildlife rehabilitators, veterinarians, biologists and
other wildlife experts. All IBRRC response team members are OSHA
certified and trained and experienced in crisis management. Team
members are mobilized as needed to oversee different aspects of the
rehabilitation effort. They coordinate and train local wildlife
rehabilitators and volunteers used in the wildlife response.
Standard Operating Procedures
IBRRC's 24-hour answering
service will contact callers with an IBRRC employee who will activate
an initial assessment team. IBRRC regional representatives can also be
contacted directly by phone or beeper. IBRRC's initial assessment
personnel will be contacted immediately and dispatched within four
hours of notification, or as mutually agreed by the parties involved.
The team will perform services for the RP or designated representative
in connection with the RP's operations.
Upon activation and following
consultation with the RP, IBRRC will commence mobilization and
deployment of our trained response team whose duties, in accordance
with all elements of IBRRC's Oiled Wildlife Rescue &
Rehabilitation Protocols, include the following :
Initial wildlife impact
assessment with trustee agencies and RP
Assessment consists of reviewing the spill trajectories, examining the
spill site and surrounding terrain, and performing fly-overs as
needed. In all cases, IBRRC staff will meet with state and federal
trustees to identify the wildlife species in the area which are likely
to be affected.
The RP will also be informed of
any endangered and/or threatened species which may be impacted.
Following initial assessment, IBRRC will inform agency representatives
and the RP of IBRRC's initial action plan. Also, IBRRC will activate
local trained wildlife rehabilitators to be on-scene to care for oiled
wildlife prior to IBRRC's arrival.
Oiled wildlife facility design
Not all states and regions are
fully prepared for oil spills involving wildlife. In areas where
established oiled wildlife rehabilitation facilities are available,
IBRRC will work with the RP and agency representatives to activate
these facilities. If no oiled wildlife rehabilitation facility is
available, IBRRC will assist the RP and trustee agencies in locating
buildings that can quickly be modified into a functional
rehabilitation facility. The cost of any renovation will be the
responsibility of the RP. In the event of a federalized spill, the
trustee agencies will assume the financial responsibility. All costs
associated with establishing a center will be pre-approved by the RP
or agency responsible.
IBRRC will use its standard
facility guidelines, which are listed in the IBRRC contingency plan
under the paper entitled: "Facility Requirements for Oiled Bird
Rehabilitation Centers." Throughout the duration of the
rehabilitation effort, IBRRC will manage and operate the facility on a
daily basis. This includes procuring security guards and contacting
local utility companies and other pertinent agencies as needed.
Overall management of
Oiled wildlife rehabilitation
programs are multifaceted and must be organized in a way that
facilitates the rapid movement of the animals through the system.
Every aspect of the program, from washing to feeding, is equally
important. A breakdown within any part of this system will affect the
others. To assure the effective and efficient operation of the
program, IBRRC will assign staff members to oversee each department
within the program. The director will have the responsibility of
overseeing and directing the entire operation. The director and
on-scene coordinator will work closely with the RP to maintain
effective communication at all times. The rehabilitation coordinator
and lead veterinarian will coordinate and direct the rehabilitation
Coordination of local wildlife
The services of local wildlife
rehabilitators are essential in oil spills affecting wildlife. Their
expertise in caring for wildlife can be a great asset during spill
response. IBRRC will contact and schedule local rehabilitators as
needed within the first 72 hours of IBRRC's activation. In the event
that an existing wildlife center has oiled wildlife rehabilitation
capabilities, IBRRC will work with the RP to establish use agreements
with the appropriate groups.
Management of field collection
Partially and heavily oiled
wildlife can suffer from internal and external effects. If left
untreated, they will likely die. IBRRC's goal is to capture as many
animals as possible before they succumb to these environmental
factors. The collection of impacted wildlife must be initiated
immediately when it is anticipated that wildlife may be affected. A
timely response is crucial to the survival of the affected wildlife.
Following initial assessment, IBRRC will organize and oversee the
search and collection of impacted animals where it is deemed
necessary. IBRRC's search and collection coordinator will work with
agency representatives to establish and implement an action plan using
IBRRC staff and/or volunteers. In the event that a field stabilization
unit is necessary, search and collection team members will coordinate
their efforts with the stabilization team.
If the collection of wildlife
has been assigned to agency personnel, IBRRC will assist as needed.
The people at IBRRC are dedicated
to maintaining the highest level of animal care available. And at the
same time, IBRRC strives to improve medical and husbandry techniques
for aquatic birds in captivity.
We are proud of the consistently
high standard of care we are able to provide for our patients. This is
largely due to the dedication and support of our volunteers who
participate in every aspect of the rehabilitation process. Their
involvement is vital and directly impacts the successful return of
animals to the wild.
If you want to help wildlife and
be part of a dedicated team, check out our programs to find which one
fits you best.
Requirements: You must be at
least 18 years old, have a sincere desire to help wildlife, become a
member of IBRRC, commit to at least a four-hour shift a week, be
dependable, responsible and able to take direction.
We have three levels of
volunteers work directly with a mentor and staff to learn how to
properly perform basic hospital duties such as cleaning cages, doing
laundry, preparing food, and helping to take care of the pools. When
these skills are mastered, you can achieve level two if you
may come to IBRRC with experience gained from other centers, education
through the National Wildlife Rehabilitators' Association (NWRA) or
IBRRC skills seminars, or a desire to gain these skills through
hands-on experience at IBRRC and continuing education in wildlife
rehabilitation. Level two volunteers are comfortable with capture and
restraint, weighing patients, measuring medication, giving medication,
tubing, updating the medical records and assisting staff with patient
& IBRRC: A proud partnership
and what is California's Oiled Wildlife Care Network (OWCN)?
The OWCN is a legislatively
mandated program within The California Fish and Game, Office of Spill
Prevention and Response (OSPR) which strives to ensure that wildlife
exposed to petroleum products in the environment receive the best
achievable treatment by providing access to permanent wildlife
rehabilitation facilities and trained personnel for oil spill response
It is a statewide network of
wildlife care providers which includes regional facilities established
pursuant to the requirements of the Lempert-Keene-Seastrand Oil Spill
Prevention and Response Act. These facilities are to provide
rehabilitation for aquatic birds, sea otters, other marine mammals,
and sea turtles in the event of an oil spill and are maintained in a
constant state of readiness.
IBRRC proposes the network in
the mid 1980's
Since 1971 and prior to the
formation of the OSPR and the OWCN, IBRRC was more or less the only
game in town when it came to oiled bird response and rehabilitation in
California. IBRRC is actually named in the Lempert-Keene-Seastrand Oil
Spill Prevention and Response Act as one of the leaders in the field
of oiled bird rehabilitation. But the burden of responding to oil
spills with limited funding, unavailable resources, untrained
volunteers and poor to no facilities crippled our efforts to help
oiled birds. Many birds were lost and our staff and the California
wildlife rehabilitators and volunteers that helped in oil spills were
discouraged and left hopeless.
Frustration led to brainstorming
and in the mid 1980's IBRRC presented to then, California Department
of Fish and Game Director, Pete Bontadelli, the concept of a network
of wildlife rehabilitation volunteers and facilities within the state
that could more effectively respond to oil spills. The concept
included supplying these existing facilities with basic oiled wildlife
care supplies and offered basic training to the volunteers so that we
could be better supported to us when we came to their town to respond
to an oil spill. We also envisioned rehabilitation centers being able
to provide care to the occasional oiled bird through training and
mentoring. Although enthusiastic and extremely supportive of the
concept, the department had no funding available to make this idea a
reality and the idea was shelved.
OWCN Becomes a Reality
Ten years after the original
concept was presented the OWCN became a reality. Managed by the
Wildlife Health Center at the University of Davis, CA, the OWCN now
has 24 participating organizations throughout the state that represent
wildlife rehabilitators, veterinarians and biologists. IBRRC is proud
to be one of those participants and works closely with OWCN on a daily
OWCN and IBRRC Partner in Spill
Response and Training
IBRRC plays two major roles
within the OWCN. First, IBRRC acts as the lead oiled bird response
organization that, under the management of the OWCN, responds to most
of the oil spills that affect birds, reptiles and fresh water aquatic
mammals in California. Secondly, IBRRC is contracted to develop and
teach a series of annual trainings for OWCN participants. These
trainings are designed to familiarize members with concepts in oiled
wildlife capture and rehabilitation and are presented at two levels,
basic and advanced.
Topics addressed include
laboratory and veterinary capabilities, personnel skills and
availability, husbandry guidelines for aquatic species and
understanding record-keeping procedures. These two day workshops
include hands on work with live ducks to review capture and restraint,
physical examination, tube-feeding procedures, venipuncture, the
preparation of hematology samples, washing/rinsing procedures with
particular emphasis on waterproofing. The particular rehabilitation
needs of local species that are prone to oiling are detailed. Necropsy
demonstrations are usually conducted to enable participants to
understand potential effects of oil and rehabilitation. A table top
spill drill is added to advanced trainings and is tailored to local
conditions, e.g. species most likely to be encountered, and areas most
likely to be hit with an oil spill, will help to underscore local
strengths and delineate areas that need additional work. These 5
annual workshops usually begin in late March and continue through
One of our greatest challenges
is bringing the unique concept of wildlife rehabilitation to the
public without negatively affecting the birds in our care. Wild birds
are very frightened of humans and are often stressed just by being
held in captivity. Human interactions can also have a negative impact
on these birds reducing their chances for successful rehabilitation.
Therefore, all handling and viewing must be kept to a minimum. Birds
are typically kept out of the view of the public. However, we feel it
is important and valuable for the public to be able to actually see
the animals during their rehabilitation with their own eyes and learn
about the rehabilitation process. We have circumvented this problem in
a variety of ways that will allow maximum viewing by visitors while
minimizing human interaction with the birds.
Indoor Animal Viewing
A one way window has been
designed into the veterinary clinic where animals are cared for and
housed. This window will allow school groups and others to view and
interact with the rehabilitation staff through a portable audio system
while they care for the birds. Through this system students will have
the opportunity to learn about the rehabilitation process and ask
questions about the birds currently under care. This area is off
limits to the general public and only available to guided groups.
Outdoor Viewing of
When outdoors, rehabilitating
aquatic birds are housed in various sized aviaries or pools. Although
the public is not allowed to go into the animal holding areas signs at
the outdoor areas will describe the birds currently under care and
explain the reasons for their rehabilitation along with pertinent
information about each species.
For example, the Brown Pelican is an endangered species that is found
in abundance along the California coast and has made a strong comeback
since the 1970ís when their population was significantly reduced due
primarily to DDT poisoning. Although their comeback has been
successful since the federal ban on DDT was put into law they are
considered an extremely vulnerable species and remain a federally
listed endangered species. Theirs is an exciting success story that
shows what can be achieved through the dedication and perseverance of
humans. At the same time, it is because of the shortsightedness of man
that this species became an endangered species in the first place.
These are the two main points that will be made evident through
signage placed in viewing areas near these aviaries. We intend to tell
the pelicans' story and make the important point that although their
comeback has to date been successful, it takes the commitment of the
public to keep pelicans and other aquatic birds protected on a long
Because of the current abundant
pelican population and their close proximity to humans, they are
common patients in rehabilitation organizations along the California
coast. We expect to have a regular flow of injured, sick and
occasionally oiled pelicans come to the center for rehabilitation.
Pelicans are large birds that require expansive aviaries for flight
exercise with large shallow pools for bathing. Many other birds can be
housed in these cages with pelicans since they typically interact in
the wild and are compatible with each other. So, in essence these
cages are actually community aviaries housing a variety of species
with a variety of stories. All of which have significance to
environmental education and human accountability.
Video Monitor Viewing for Indoor
and outdoor caging
The outdoor and indoor
rehabilitation areas housing birds subject to stress will have cameras
mounted over many of the cages so that animals can be viewed from the
indoor classroom area. Video monitors will also be conveniently
located in the visitor area for public viewing. This will allow
viewers to see extremely shy and more unusual animals that are not
usually available to viewing. Written materials and photographs that
explain the rehabilitation process and interpret the behaviors that
are likely to be witnessed will be mounted near the monitors.
The San Francisco Bay Oiled
Wildlife Care and Education Center
The San Francisco Bay Oiled
Wildlife Care and Education Center (SFBOWCEC) is located in northern
San Francisco Bay in Cordelia, CA. This facility is IBRRC's new
headquarters and houses the International Training Center for Oiled
Wildlife Response, a program of IBRRC that offers individuals and
organizations dedicated to oiled wildlife response an opportunity to
gain hands on and practical experience in oiled wildlife care and
response. This facility has the capacity to house up to 1,500 oiled
birds during one event and will also house IBRRC's local education
program and our ongoing aquatic bird and mammal rehabilitation
Answering the need for Alaska
oil spill response
The Alaska Wildlife Response
Center (AWRC) is a program of the International Bird Rescue Research
Center (IBRRC). IBRRC is recognized throughout the world as the leader
in oiled wildlife rescue and rehabilitation. Major funding for the
Alaska Wildlife Response Center is provided by Alyeska Pipeline
Service Company and Alaska Clean Seas.
Historically, oil spills without
existing or centralized facilities have consistently yielded lower
success rates in oiled wildlife rehabilitation. During the Exxon
Valdez oil spill, the scale and geographical circumstances once again
emphasized this fact. Clearly, logistical continuity must be a
priority during oil spills.
In 1991, IBRRC proposed the
concept of the AWRC to the petroleum industry as a proactive regional
approach to oil spills involving wildlife. Alyeska Pipeline Service
Company and Alaska Clean Seas became the centers primary sponsors.
The purpose of the Alaska
Wildlife Response Center (AWRC) is to reduce the impact of oil
contamination on wildlife by:
Providing a centralized and
specifically designed "turnkey" oiled wildlife response
facility for the state of Alaska.
personnel from IBRRC in the event of an oil spill involving wildlife.
research efforts on the effects of oil on wildlife and techniques to
mitigate those effects.
services to the oil industry, wildlife trustee agencies, and the
scientific community in preparing for an oil spill.
Providing an IBRRC Alaska
Representative to network with industry and trustee agencies on a
IBRRC works with the petroleum
industry and government agencies in planning for the capture and
rehabilitation of oiled wildlife. Planning includes identification and
stockpiling of necessary supplies and resources and the design of
practical search and collection, stabilization, and transport
programs. The AWRC is crucial to all of IBRRC's planning efforts in
Alaska as it is centrally located and is the only "turn key"
oiled bird rehabilitation facility in Alaska.
IBRRC provides training programs
available to government and industry personnel and private
organizations. Trainings include safety procedures, search and
collection, stabilization procedures, and the transportation and
rehabilitation of oiled wildlife. Opportunities are available for
interested individuals to receive on-scene training at oil spills
outside of Alaska.
The AWRC in Anchorage answers
the need for a facility ready to receive oiled wildlife within hours
of notification of a spill. Designed to care for all species of native
Alaskan birds as well as small terrestrial and aquatic mammals, other
than sea otters, response time is cut to a minimum. Cleaning
facilities, critical care unit, clinical laboratory, cages and pools
are in place and ready to go. Drawing on the IBRRC response team,
volunteers from Bird TLC and the community, AWRC can be fully staffed
with wildlife care professionals within a few hours. Research&
IBRRC's research goal is to improve rehabilitation procedures for
wildlife primarily through clinical trials and post-release
monitoring. In addition, analysis of data from spills, studies in
nutrition, husbandry and medical protocols are also evaluated and
improved. Our ultimate goal is to minimize the stress and length of
the rehabilitation process while assuring that the animals cared for
have the best possible chance for survival in the wild.
IBRRC & Bird Treatment and
Learning Center (Bird TLC)
Since 1994 these two
organizations have joined forces to create a unique relationship that
benefits the wildlife and people of Alaska. Bird TLC is a non-profit
bird rehabilitation organization based in Anchorage that treats
approximately 1,100 wild birds a year. This includes up to 70 bald
eagles annually. With limited funds and no facility available large
enough to house these birds, the decision was made to allow Bird TLC
to utilize the AWRC when it was not being used for oil spills.
The benefits of this cooperative
relationship are many. Bird TLC has a place to carry out its valuable
work, volunteers provide regular maintenance of the AWRC and an
unlimited source of experienced volunteers are available to aid IBRRC
in an oil spill. Bird TLC volunteers provided half of the work force
during the 1996 Pribilof Island spill that resulted in the release of
180 king eiders and other species.ildlife Response Center (AWRC) is to
reduce the impact of oil contamination on wildlife by:
Providing a centralized and
specifically designed "turnkey" oiled wildlife response
facility for the state of Alaska.
Providing professional personnel from IBRRC in the event of an oil
spill involving wildlife.
Northern California bird center
In 2001, the International Bird
Rescue Research Center, in partnership with California's Oiled
Wildlife Care Network (OWCN), opened two new oiled wildlife care and
educational facilities in California.
The first to open, the San
Francisco Bay Oiled Wildlife Care and Education Center, is located in
Cordelia, California at the northern end of San Francisco Bay. This
facility contains IBRRC's new headquarters and the International
Training Center for Oiled Wildlife Response.
The second center was built in
Southern California at San Pedro, California. The IBRRC programs offer
individuals and organizations, dedicated to oiled wildlife response,
an opportunity to gain hands-on and practical experience in oiled
wildlife care and response.
This 10,000 square-foot facility
has the capacity to house up to 1,000 oiled birds during one event and
also houses IBRRC's local education program and our ongoing aquatic
bird and mammal rehabilitation program. A 2,000 square-foot adjoining
building is devoted to office space for IBRRC staff, a research
library, training and education.
The building contains rooms
devoted to intake, food preparation, surgery, necropsy, a wash and
rinse room with 12 stations, and walk in freezers capable of storing
up to a ton and a half of fish.
Built on three acres of land
bordering the Suisun Marsh, the outdoor areas have cold pools and warm
therapy pools. Aviaries of different sizes will allow recuperating
birds to be in natural light.
The San Francisco Bay Oiled
Wildlife Care & Education Center is located just south of
Fairfield near Interstate 80 and 680. This facility is one of a series
being constructed throughout the state of California by OWCN to
provide best achievable care to oiled wildlife.
Southern California bird center
On March 21, 2001, the second of
two new California oiled wildlife centers opened. Located in San
Pedro, the center is operated by IBRRC and overseen by the Oiled
Wildlife Care Network (OWCN).
The Los Angeles Oiled Wildlife
Care and Education Center, is a 12,000 square foot facility designed
to house up to 1,000 birds at a time. It will also house the Southern
California chapter of IBRRC's local education program and our ongoing
aquatic bird rehabilitation program.
In cooperation with the Los
Angeles Unified School District, two large classrooms with laboratory
and computer capabilities have been incorporated into the facility. An
estimated 40,000 schoolchildren are expected to visit the facility
Included in the center:
Large outdoor aviaries with
pools for pelicans.
A bird hospital area with
two-way communication system so schoolchildren and other visitors can
see and talk to rehabilitators as they care for injured birds.
Video cameras and monitors
connected to outdoor aviaries to allow the public to view animals in
Oiled birds have their best
chance at survival if they are cared for by well-trained staff in a
properly designed and equipped veterinary facility. This new $2.5
million facility will offer that quality of care for up to 1,000
aquatic birds affected by an oil spill in the Los Angeles area.
The new Los Angeles center is
the fifth and final major link in the state's Oiled Wildlife Care
Network (OWCN), the world's most advanced rescue system for oiled
wildlife. The OWCN is a model for rescue programs in other countries.
It is managed by the UC Davis Wildlife Health Center and funded by the
California Department of Fish and Game Office of Spill Prevention and