< > W509 - Food Animal Residue Avoidance Databank  - http://www.farad.org/

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Organisation Reference

FARAD - Food Animal Residue Avoidance Databank

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This web-link has been created as part of the "Pain Management in Ruminants" Wildpro module. Consult the Specific Section References at the end of this page for related links.


This information has been taken directly from the "FARAD" website:

A National Food Safety Project administered through the U.S. Department of Agriculture Cooperative State Research, Education, and Extension Service.
FARAD is Authorized by the Agricultural Research, Education and Extension Reform Act of 1998 (Public Law 105-185, Title 6, Subtitle A, Section 604)

FARAD and Food Quality
Consumers rightly expect that the products they purchase are of high quality. This is especially true for foods. Just as there are standards for quality in the manufacture of automobiles, there are standards of quality for animal-derived foods (meat, milk and eggs). The two most visible food safety issues related to animal-derived foods are microbial and chemical contaminants. Safety is as important for foods as it is for automobiles, and thus strict safety standards are set for foods. Unlike automobiles which are manufactured in a limited number of factories, food animal production is widely distributed in thousands of locations, and is more difficult to monitor. Thus, voluntary producer quality assurance programs are very important.Because food safety is a visible and controversial consumer issue, and safety concerns affect the marketing of animal-derived foods, responsible producers are expanding and publicizing their quality assurance programs. In addition, since 1982, the USDA Extension Service has been involved in an educational/service project to further enhance the safety of animal-derived foods. The Residue Avoidance Program (RAP), which was initially founded by the USDA Food Safety and Inspection Service (FSIS), targeted the area of chemical residues. The aim of the RAP was to reduce the rate of animal residue violations through education, rather than enforcement.

As part of the RAP, the Food Animal Residue Avoidance Databank (FARAD) program was developed by pharmacologists and toxicologists at the university of California, Davis, University of Florida, North Carolina State University and the University of Illinois.

What is FARAD
Livestock producers, veterinarians and feed producers recognize residue avoidance as the key to consumer confidence, and are enhancing and formalizing programs which will permeate every facet of the production system. The development of effective residue avoidance and quality assurance programs requires access to a vast array of information. The Food Animal Residue Avoidance Databank (FARAD) offers the means to provide this information. FARAD is a computer-based decision support system designed to provide livestock producers, Extension specialists, and veterinarians with practical information on how to avoid drug, pesticide and environmental contaminant residue problems. The drugs and pesticides used in modern animal agriculture improve animal health and thereby promote more efficient and humane production. 

Wherever drugs are used to treat sick animals or prevent disease, there is a potential that residues may be incurred. The US Food and Drug Administration (USFDA), which must approve all drugs meant to be marketed for use in animals, establishes tolerances for drug residues (similar to speed limits) to insure food safety. The USFDA also establishes “withdrawal times” or “withholding periods” which are times after drug treatment when milk and eggs are not to be used for food, and during which animals are not to be slaughtered. This allows time to the animals to eliminate the drug residues.

FARAD is a repository of comprehensive residue avoidance information. FARAD is also sanctioned to provide these estimates to the United States Pharmacopeia-Drug Information (USP-DI) Veterinary Medicine Advisory Committee. Since 1982 FARAD has been working with producers, Extension Specialists and Agents, and veterinarians to help avoid and mitigate residue problems. As a cooperative multi-state program, FARAD is available nationwide to offer advice about residue avoidance. 

What is in FARAD
FARAD personnel at the University of California, Davis and the University of Florida comb through numerous sources of residue avoidance information and extract information that will be of greatest use. These data are reviewed by residue experts to insure accuracy and consistency, and further analysis is done by FARAD personnel at North Carolina State University to explore novel ways in which the data may be used to prevent residue problems. FARAD maintains an up-to-date computerized compilation of: 

  • Current label information including withdrawal times on all drugs approved for use in food animals in the United States and on hundreds of products used in Canada, Europe and Australia. 

  • Official tolerances for drugs and pesticides in tissues, eggs and milk. 

  • Descriptions and sensitivities of rapid screening tests for detecting tissues in tissues, eggs and milk. 

  • Data on the fate of chemicals in food animals.

VetGRAM is a searchable, decision-support database that allows the user great flexibility in accessing label food animal drug information. To ensure that you always have access to the latest information, VetGram is available on the internet only (we no longer send out CD-ROM versions). 

When accessing VetGram online, please remember that you need to register with us first. This can be done through the 'Member Service' link on the left-hand side of the homepage. 

Dates Referenced June 2004
Contact Details

FARAD expert-mediated assistance is available from two Regional Access Centers that can be accessed by this 
single toll-free telephone number:

Western Regional Access Center Eastern Regional Access Center 
Fax (530)752-0903 (919)513-6358 

Anyone who has a question about how to prevent residues in animal-derived foods is encouraged to call FARAD for 
assistance. Food animal veterinarians and Extension specialists are currently the major users of FARAD 
information. The FARAD Regional Access Centers operate during normal business hours. Most questions can be 
answered immediately; however, complex response may require a couple of days.

Website Address



farad@ucdavis.edu; farad@ncsu.edu

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Specific References (Please note - website addresses change frequently and all references are dated accordingly. If hyperlinks are no longer active, please inform us)

Reference Section of Website Specific Website link
W509.June04.w1 PHENYLBUTAZONE ADDED TO PROHIBITED LIST [Effective May 29, 2003] http://www.farad.org/prohibit.html

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