< > W580 - Elephant Care International - http://www.elephantcare.org/

General Information

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  • Information on the Internet changes frequently and this reference relates only to the data drawn down from the internet on the date in the reference suffix (e.g. W1.May00)
Organisation Reference


Wildpro Referenced Responsibilities:- Conventions, Legislation, Codes of Conduct, Manuals

Consult the Specific Section References at the end of this page for related links.


This information has been taken directly from the Elephant Care International website.


There is an opportunity to serve both elephants and humans by focusing on the interfaces between captive/wild elephants, captive elephants/man, and wild elephants/man.

One of every three Asian elephants lives in captivity. Many of these ~14,000 captive Asian elephants lack basic care. Wild elephant populations are at risk of diseases introduced by captive elephants. Elephants and humans are in competition for dwindling forested areas. Conflicts result in deaths of elephants and humans. 

In many areas of Africa and Asia, elephants are confined to parks and sanctuaries. When populations exceed the carrying capacity, difficult choices are faced—birth control, culling, or starvation. In places of human-elephant conflict, wild elephants may be captured by governments that lack the will or ability to care for them. 

Where logging has been banned (Thailand, parts of India), working elephants that were assets are now liabilities. Many receive poor or no care and some are abandoned. Captive elephants released in the forest pose a threat of introducing diseases into wild populations. In Myanmar, captive logging elephants often breed and intermingle with wild elephants. 

Elephant Care International has defined goals to improve elephant healthcare and to reduce human-elephant conflict. Healthcare projects will focus on disease research; supporting the development of longer-term contraceptives as an alternative to culling; educating and building the capacity of in situ veterinarians; and information sharing to inspire collaborative efforts among all professionals concerned with elephants. 

We will reduce human and elephant deaths caused by conflict over natural resources by focusing on local village issues: supporting research on new elephant barriers and repellants; integrating community support with social and economic agencies; and providing alternative income means compatible with elephant habitat. 

We are organizing a diverse, independent, business-minded board of directors to build a solid plan for growth, funding, and perpetuity of our program. With the board’s support, we can help save elephant and human lives and expand a consciousness of conservation and cooperation. We invite you to be a part of this effort! To learn more please go to our Mission/Goals/Strategies and Projects pages.

Our mission is: “To foster and deliver healthcare for elephants and promote the harmony and well-being of humans and elephants where they share natural environments.”

Goals / Strategies 
• Goal: Create a sound financial structure for Elephant Care International.
Strategy: Establish a professional, independent board to oversee planned programs for funding via in-house projects, donations (public and private), foundations, grants, and collaborations with affiliated organizations. 

• Goal: Support direct healthcare for elephants.
Strategy: Organize professional teams to meet technical healthcare needs in the U.S. and abroad; provide in-situ veterinarians with technical advice, supplies, and equipment; and initiate a small hassle-free grants program ($250 - $1,000) for specific needs.

• Goal: Further our global collective knowledge of elephant diseases. 
Strategy: Initiate research studies pertinent to diseases of captive and wild elephants.

• Goal: Facilitate cooperation, collaboration, and communication among elephant professionals. 
Strategy: Continually expand this website (Elephant Bibliographic Database, Elephant Formulary, Forum…) as the premier resource for elephant healthcare information; solicit and encourage range-country participation; and promote information-sharing. 

• Goal: Identify community-based solutions for human-elephant conflict. 
Strategy: Team with local villagers, government agencies, NGOs, and other entities to develop innovative elephant barriers and alternative income sources compatible with the preservation of elephant habitat.

• Goal: Inspire greater awareness of broader conservation issues. 
Strategy: Utilize the popularity of the elephant to inspire an awareness of conservation issues (and a call to action) in all that we do.
Dates Referenced August 2005
Contact Details Elephant Care International
438 N. Central Ave.
Waveland, MS 39576

(931) 796-7102

Website Address



Send conservation, website, or donation emails to Hank Hammatt, hh@elephantcare.org
Send veterinary issues to Susan Mikota DVM, smikota@elephantcare.org

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Specific References (Please note - website addresses change frequently and all references are dated accordingly. If hyperlinks are no longer active, please inform us)

Reference Section of Website Specific Website link
W580.Aug2005.w1 Elephant Formulary - Medication Techniques for Elephants http://www.elephantcare.org/formulary1/medtech.htm


W580.Aug2005.w2 Elephant Formulary - Ivermectin http://www.elephantcare.org/formulary1/drugdex/ivermect.htm
W580.Aug2005.w3 Elephant Formulary - Amikacin http://www.elephantcare.org/formulary1/drugdex/amikacin.htm
W580.Aug2005.w4 Elephant Formulary - Amoxicillin http://www.elephantcare.org/formulary1/drugdex/amoxicil.htm
W580.Aug2005.w5 Elephant Formulary - Ampicillin http://www.elephantcare.org/formulary1/drugdex/ampicill.htm
W580.Aug2005.w6 Elephant Formulary - Atipamezole http://www.elephantcare.org/formulary1/drugdex/atipamez.htm
W580.Aug2005.w7 Elephant Formulary - Butorphanol http://www.elephantcare.org/formulary1/drugdex/butorph.htm
W580.Aug2005.w8 Elephant Formulary - Dexamethasone http://www.elephantcare.org/formulary1/drugdex/dexameth.htm
W580.Aug2005.w9 Elephant Formulary - Diazepam http://www.elephantcare.org/formulary1/drugdex/diazepam.htm
W580.Aug2005.w10 Elephant Formulary - Enrofloxacin http://www.elephantcare.org/formulary1/drugdex/enroflox.htm
W580.Aug2005.w11 Elephant Formulary - Erythromycin http://www.elephantcare.org/formulary1/drugdex/erythro.htm
W580.Aug2005.w12 Elephant Formulary - Fenbendazole http://www.elephantcare.org/formulary1/drugdex/fenbenda.htm
W580.Aug2005.w13 Elephant Formulary - Flunixin http://www.elephantcare.org/formulary1/drugdex/flunixin.htm
W580.Aug2005.w14 Elephant Formulary - Gentamicin http://www.elephantcare.org/formulary1/drugdex/gentamic.htm
W580.Aug2005.w15 Elephant Formulary - Halothane http://www.elephantcare.org/formulary1/drugdex/halothan.htm
W580.Aug2005.w16 Elephant Formulary - Isoflurane http://www.elephantcare.org/formulary1/drugdex/isoflura.htm
W580.Aug2005.w17 Elephant Formulary - Ketamine http://www.elephantcare.org/formulary1/drugdex/ketamine.htm
W580.Aug2005.w18 Elephant Formulary - Ketoprofen http://www.elephantcare.org/formulary1/drugdex/ketopro.htm
W580.Aug2005.w19 Elephant Formulary - Levamisole http://www.elephantcare.org/formulary1/drugdex/levamis.htm
W580.Aug2005.w20 Elephant Formulary - Lidocaine http://www.elephantcare.org/formulary1/drugdex/lidocain.htm
W580.Aug2005.w21 Elephant Formulary - Mebendazole http://www.elephantcare.org/formulary1/drugdex/mebenda.htm
W580.Aug2005.w22 Elephant Formulary - Medetomidine http://www.elephantcare.org/formulary1/drugdex/medetomi.htm
W580.Aug2005.w23 Elephant Formulary - Metronidazole http://www.elephantcare.org/formulary1/drugdex/metronid.htm
W580.Aug2005.w24 Elephant Formulary - Morphine http://www.elephantcare.org/formulary1/drugdex/morphine.htm
W580.Aug2005.w25 Elephant Formulary - Oxytetracycline http://www.elephantcare.org/formulary1/drugdex/oxytetra.htm
W580.Aug2005.w26 Elephant Formulary - Penicillin G http://www.elephantcare.org/formulary1/drugdex/penicilg.htm
W580.Aug2005.w27 Elephant Formulary - Phenylbutazone http://www.elephantcare.org/formulary1/drugdex/phenylbu.htm
W580.Aug2005.w28 Elephant Formulary - Praziquantel http://www.elephantcare.org/formulary1/drugdex/praziqua.htm
W580.Aug2005.w29 Elephant Formulary - Prednisolone http://www.elephantcare.org/formulary1/drugdex/predniso.htm
W580.Aug2005.w30 Elephant Formulary - Sulphadiazine http://www.elephantcare.org/formulary1/drugdex/sulfadia.htm
W580.Aug2005.w31 Elephant Formulary - Sulfadimethoxine/Ormetoprim http://www.elephantcare.org/formulary1/drugdex/sulfadxx.htm
W580.Aug2005.w32 Elephant Formulary - Xylazine http://www.elephantcare.org/formulary1/drugdex/xylazine.htm
W580.Sept2005.w1 Elephant Vital Signs and Physiological Parameters Compiled by Susan Mikota DVM 2003 http://www.elephantcare.org/protodoc_files/new03/Elephant%20Vital
W580.Sept2005.w2 Elephant Formulary - Isoniazid http://www.elephantcare.org/formulary1/drugdex/isoniaz.htm
W580.Sept2005.w3 Elephant Formulary - Rifampin http://www.elephantcare.org/formulary1/drugdex/rifampin.htm
W580.Sept2005.w4 Elephant Formulary - Ethambutol http://www.elephantcare.org/formulary1/drugdex/ethambu.htm
W580.Sept2005.w5 West Nile Virus Update in Elephants January 2004 http://www.elephantscare.org/protodoc_files/new2004/West%
W580.Sept2005.w6 Elephant Formulary - Pyrazinamide http://www.elephantcare.org/formulary1/drugdex/pyrazina.htm
W580.Sept2005.w7 Elephant Formulary - Famciclovir http://www.elephantcare.org/formulary1/drugdex/famciclo.htm
W580.Sept2005.w8 Elephant Formulary - Ceftiofur http://www.elephantcare.org/formulary1/drugdex/ceftiof.htm
W580.Jul2006.w1 Elephant Vital Signs and Physiological Parameters Compiled by Susan Mikota DVM 2006 http://www.elephantcare.org/protodoc_files/new%2006/

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