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Appendix E

Common and scientific names of birds in text:

Albatrosses, shearwaters, and petrels (Order Procellariiformes)

Albatrosses (Family Diomedeidae)

  • Black-footed albatross (Diomedia nigripes)
  • Laysan albatross (Diomedia immutabilis)

Shearwaters and petrels (Family Procellariidae)

  • Northern fulmar (Fulmarus glacialis)
  • Petrels (Pterodroma sp , Oceanodroma sp , Oceanites sp)
  • Sooty shearwater (Puffinus griseus)

Cormorants, pelicans, and tropicbirds (Order Pelecaniformes)

Cormorants and Shags (Family Phalacrocoracidae)

  • Brandt’s cormorant (Phalacrocorax penicillatus)
  • Cape cormorant (Phalacrocorax capensis)
  • Double-crested cormorant (Phalacrocorax auritus)
  • Great cormorant (Phalacrocorax carbo)
  • Shags (Phalacrocorax sp)

Gannets and boobies (Family Sulidae)

  • Gannet (Morus bassanus)

Pelicans (Family Pelecanidae)

  • Brown pelican (Pelecanus occidentalis)
  • White pelican (Pelecanus erythrorhynchos)

Tropicbirds (Family Phaethontidae)

  • Red-tailed tropicbird (Phaethon rubricauda)
  • White-tailed tropicbird (Phaethon lepturus)

Cranes, coots, and rails (Order Gruiformes)

Cranes (Family Gruidae)

  • Brolga crane (Grus rubicunda)
  • Common crane (Grus grus)
  • Demoiselle crane (Anthropoides virgo)
  • East African crowned crane (Balearica regulorum gibbericeps)
  • Greater sandhill crane (Grus canadensis tabida)
  • Hooded crane (Grus monacha)
  • Lesser sandhill crane (Grus canadensis canadensis)
  • Manchurian crane (red-crowned crane) (Grus japonensis)
  • Mississippi sandhill crane (Grus canadensis pulla)
  • Sarus crane (Grus antigone)
  • Stanley crane (blue crane) (Anthropoides paradisea)
  • White-naped crane (Grus vipio)
  • Whooping crane (Grus americana)

Rails, coots, and gallinules (Family Rallidae)

  • American coot (Fulica americana)
  • Common moorhen (Gallinula chloropos)
  • Sora (Porzana carolina)

Emus and ostriches (Order Struthioniformes)

  • Emu (Family Casuariidae, Dromaius novaehollandiae)
  • Ostrich (Family Struthionidae, Struthio camelus)

Grebes (Order Podicipediformes, Family Podicipedidae)

  • Eared grebe (Podiceps nigricollis)
  • Western grebe (Aechmophorus occidentalis)

Grouse, quail, and partridges (Order Galliformes, Family Phasianidae)

Grouse (Subfamily Tetraoninae)

  • Blue grouse (Dendragapus obscurus)
  • Ptarmigan (Lagopus sp)
  • Red grouse (Lagopus lagopus scoticus)
  • Ruffed grouse (Bonasa umbellus)
  • Sage grouse (Centrocercus urophasianus)
  • Sharp-tailed grouse (Tympanuchus phasianellus)

Quail (Subfamily Odontophorninae)

  • Bobwhite quail (Northern) (Colinus virginianus)
  • California quail (Callipepla californica)
  • Coturnix quail (Coturnix coturnix)
  • Japanese quail (Coturnix japonica)
  • Scaled quail (Callipepla squamata)

Partridges and pheasants (Subfamily Phasianinae)

  • Chukar partridge (Alectoris chukar)
  • Gray partridge (Hungarian partridge) (Perdix perdix)
  • Common peafowl (Pavo cristatus)
  • Ring-necked pheasant (Phasianus colchicus)

Turkeys (Subfamily Meleagridinae)

  • Wild turkey (Meleagris gallopavo)

Guinea fowl (Subfamily Numidinae, Numida sp)

Hawks, falcons, and vultures (Order Falconiformes)

Hawks, eagles, and kites (Family Accipitridae)

  • Eurasian sparrowhawk (Accipiter nisus)
  • Bald eagle (Haliaeetus leucocephalus)
  • Booted eagle (Hieraaetus pennatus)
  • Cooper’s hawk (Accipiter cooperii)
  • Common buzzard (Buteo buteo)
  • Ferruginous hawk (Buteo regalis)
  • Golden eagle (Aquila chrysaetos)
  • Northern goshawk (Accipiter gentilis)
  • Imperial eagle (Aquila heliaca)
  • Northern harrier (marsh hawk) (Circus cyaneus)
  • Red-shouldered hawk (Buteo lineatus)
  • Red-tailed hawk (Buteo jamaicensis)
  • Rough-legged hawk (Buteo lagopus)
  • Sharp-shinned hawk (Accipiter striatus)
  • Steppe eagle (Aquila nipalensis)
  • White-tailed eagle (Haliaeetus albicilla)
  • Osprey (Pandion haliaetus)

Falcons and caracaras (Family Falconidae)

  • American kestrel (sparrowhawk) (Falco sparverius)
  • Gyrfalcon (Falco rusticolus)
  • Peregrine falcon (Falco peregrinus)
  • Prairie falcon (Falco mexicanus)
  • Red-headed falcon (Falco chicquera)
  • Saker falcon (Falco cherrug)

Vultures (Family Cathartidae)

  • California condor (Gymnogyps californianus)
  • King vulture (Sarcoramphus papa)
  • Turkey vulture (Cathartes aura)

Herons, ibises, and storks (Order Ciconiiformes)

Flamingos (Family Phoenicopteridae)

  • Greater flamingo (Phoenicopterus ruber)

Herons, egrets, and bitterns (Family Ardeidae)

  • Bitterns (Botaurus sp , Ixobrychus sp)
  • Black-crowned night heron (Nycticorax nycticorax)
  • Great blue heron (Ardea herodias)
  • Great egret (common or american egret) (Casmerodius albus)
  • Snowy egret (Egretta thula)

Ibises and spoonbills (Family Threskiornithidae)

  • Glossy ibis (Plegadis falcinellus)
  • White ibis (Eudocimus albus)
  • White-faced ibis (Plegadis chihi)

Storks (Family Ciconiidae)

  • Wood stork (Mycteria americana)

Loons (Order Gaviiformes, Family Gaviidae)

  • Common loon (Gavia immer)
  • Pacific loon (Gavia pacifica)
  • Red-throated loon (Gavia stellata)

Owls (Order Strigiformes)

Typical owls (Family Strigidae)

  • Barred owl (Strix varia)
  • Eagle owl (Bubo bubo)
  • Eastern screech owl (Otus asio)
  • Great-horned owl (Bubo virginianus)
  • Long-eared owl (Asio otus)
  • Short-eared owl (Asio flammeus)
  • Snowy owl (Nyctea scandiaca)
  • Spotted owl (Strix occidentalis)

Barn-Owls (Family Tytonidae)

  • Barn owl (Tyto alba)

Parrots, parakeets, and macaws (Order Psittaciformes)

Parrots (Family Psittacidae)

  • Budgerigar (Melopsittacus undulatus)
  • Cockatiel (Nymphicus hollandicus)
  • Hawk-headed parrot (Deroptyus accipitrinus)
  • Lories (Lorius sp)
  • Lorikeets (Trichoglossus sp)
  • Lovebirds (Agapornis sp)
  • Macaws (Ara sp)
  • Puerto Rican parrot (Amazona vittata)
  • Rosellas (Platycercus sp)
  • Yellow-naped parrot (Amazona auropalliata)

Perching birds (Order Passeriformes)

Finches (Family Fringillidae)

  • American goldfinch (Carduelis tristis)
  • Apapane (Himatione sanguinea)
  • Cassin’s finch (Carpodacus cassinii)
  • Eurasian bullfinch (Pyrrhula pyrrhula)
  • Evening grosbeak (Coccothraustes vespertinus)
  • Goldfinches (Carduelis sp)
  • House finch (Carpodacus mexicanus)
  • Pine siskin (Carduelis pinus)
  • Purple finch (Carpodacus purpureus)

Wood-warblers, tanagers, grosbeaks, sparrows, and blackbirds (Family Emberizidae)

  • Brown-headed cowbird (Molothrus ater)

  • Chipping sparrow (Spizella passerina)

  • Common grackle (Quiscalus quiscula)

  • Dusky seaside sparrow (Ammospiza nigrescens)

  • Northern cardinal (Cardinalis cardinalis)

  • Orioles (Icterus sp)

  • Red-winged blackbird (Agelaius phoeniceus)

  • Rufous-sided towhee (Pipilo erythrophthalmus)

Chickadees (Family Paridae)

  • Chestnut-backed chickadee (Parus rufescens)

Crows, jays, and magpies (Family Corvidae)

  • American Crow (Corvus brachyrhychos)
  • Blue jay (Cyanocitta cristata)
  • Eurasian jay (Garrulus glandarius)
  • Jackdaw (Corvus monedula)
  • Magpie (Pica sp)
  • Raven (Corvus corax)
  • Rook (Corvus frugilegus)
  • Steller’s jay (Cyanocitta stelleri)

Waxwings (Family Bombycillidae)

  • Cedar waxwing (Bombycilla cedrorum)

Weavers (Family Ploceidae, Ploceus sp)

Old world sparrows (Passeridae)

  • House sparrow (English sparrow) (Passer domesticus)

Larks (Family Alaudidae)

  • Horned lark (Eremophila alpestris)

Mockingbirds and thrashers (Family Mimidae)

  • Northern mockingbird (Mimus polyglottos)
  • Thrashers (Toxostoma sp)

Nuthatches (Family Sittidae, Sitta sp)

Shrikes (Family Laniidae, Lanius sp)

Starlings (Family Sturnidae)

  • European starling (Sturnus vulgaris)
  • Mynas (Acridotheres sp , Gracula sp)

Swallows (Family Hirundinidae, Hirundo sp , Tachycineta sp , Riparia sp , Stelgidopteryx sp)

  • Martins (Progne sp)

Thrushes, solitaires, and bluebirds (Family Muscicapidae)

  • American robin (Turdus migratorius)
  • Bluebirds (Sialia sp)
  • Eurasian blackbird (Turdus merula)
  • Thrushes (Turdus sp, Ixoreus sp, Hylocichla sp, Catharus sp)

Estrildid finches (Family Estrildidae)

  • Java finch (Padda oryzivora)

Penguins (Order Sphenisciformes, Family Spheniscidae)

  • Blackfooted penguin (Spheniscus demersus)

Pigeons and doves (Order Columbiformes, Family Columbidae)

  • Band-tailed pigeon (Columba fasciata)
  • Mourning dove (Zenaida macroura)
  • Ringed turtle dove (Streptopelia risoria)
  • Rock dove (common pigeon) (Columba livia)
  • White-winged dove (Zenaida asiatica)
  • Wood pigeon (Columba palumbus)

Shorebirds (Order Charadriiformes)

Gulls, terns, skuas, and skimmers (Family Laridae)

  • California gull (Larus californicus)
  • Common tern (Sterna hirundo)
  • Franklin’s gull (Larus pipixcan)
  • Glaucous-winged gull (Larus glaucescens)
  • Herring gull (Larus argentatus)
  • Kittiwakes (Rissa sp)
  • Laughing gull (Larus atricilla)
  • Least California tern (Sterna antillarum)
  • Ring-billed gull (Larus delawarensis)
  • Royal tern (Sterna maxima)
  • Skua (Catharacta skua)

Auks, murres, and puffins (Family Alcidae)

  • Common murre (Uria aalge)
  • Guillemots (Cepphus sp)
  • Murres (Uria sp)
  • Puffins (Fratercula sp)
  • Razorbill (Alca torda)

Plovers (Family Charadriidae, Charadrius sp , Pluvialis sp)

Sandpipers, turnstones, surfbirds, and phalaropes (Family Scolopacidae)

  • American woodcock (Scolopax minor)
  • Curlews (Numenius sp)
  • Long-billed dowitcher (Limnodromus scolopaceus)
  • Marbled godwit (Limosa fedoa)
  • Pectoral sandpiper (Calidris melanotos)
  • Ruddy turnstone (Arenaria interpres)
  • Semipalmated sandpiper (Calidris pusilla)
  • Spotted sandpiper (Actitis macularia)
  • Western sandpiper (Calidris mauri)

Stilts and avocets (Family Recurvirostridae)

  • American avocet (Recurvirostra americana)
  • Black stilt (Himantopus novaezelandiae)
  • Black-necked stilt (Himantopus mexicanus)

Waterfowl (Order Anseriformes, Family Anatidae)

Dabbling ducks

  • American wigeon (Anas americana)
  • American black duck (Anas rubripes)
  • Blue-winged teal (Anas discors)
  • Gadwall (Anas strepera)
  • Green-winged teal (Anas crecca)
  • Koloa duck (Anas wyvilliana)
  • Laysan duck (Anas laysanensis)
  • Mallard (Anas platyrhynchos)
  • Mottled duck (Anas fulvigula)
  • Muscovy duck (Cairina moschata)
  • Northern pintail (Anas acuta)
  • Northern shoveler (Anas clypeata)
  • White Pekin duck (Anas platyrhynchos)
  • Wood duck (Aix sponsa)

Diving ducks

  • Bufflehead (Bucephala albeola)
  • Canvasback (Aythya valisineria)
  • Common goldeneye (American goldeneye) (Bucephala clangula)
  • Greater scaup (Aythya marila)
  • Harlequin duck (Histrionicus histrionicus)
  • Lesser scaup (Aythya affinis)
  • Oldsquaw (Clangula hyemalis)
  • Redhead (Aythya americana)
  • Ring-necked duck (Aythya collaris)
  • Ruddy duck (Oxyura jamaicensis)

Sea ducks

  • Black scoter (common scoter) (Melanitta nigra)
  • Common eider (Somateria mollissima)
  • Common merganser (Mergus merganser)
  • Mergansers (Mergus sp , Lophodytes sp)
  • Red-breasted merganser (Mergus serrator)
  • Spectacled eider (Somateria fischeri)
  • Surf scoter (Melanitta perspicillata)
  • White-winged scoter (Melanitta fusca)

Geese (Tribe Anserini)

  • Aleutian Canada goose (Branta canadensis leucopareia)
  • Bean goose (Anser fabalis)
  • Black brant (Branta bernicla nigricans)
  • Brant (Branta bernicla)
  • Canada goose (Branta canadensis)
  • Hawiian goose (nene goose) (Nesochen sandvicensis)
  • Ross’ goose (Chen rossii)
  • Snow goose (Chen caerulescens)
  • White-fronted goose (Anser albifrons)

Swans (Tribe Cygnini)

  • Bewick’s swan (Cygnus columbianus bewickii)
  • Black swan (Cygnus atratus)
  • Mute swan (Cygnus olor)
  • Trumpeter swan (Cygnus buccinator)
  • Tundra swan (whistling swan) (Cygnus columbianus)
  • Whooper swan (Cygnus cygnus)

Whistling ducks (Tribe Dendrocygnini)

  • Fulvous whistling duck (Dendrocygna bicolor)

Woodpeckers (Order Piciformes, Family Picidae)

  • Red-cockaded woodpecker (Picoides borealis)

Sources

American Ornithologists’ Union. 1983. Check-list of North
American birds, (6 th ed.): Lawrence, Kansas, Allen Press,
877 p.

Howard, R. and Moore, A. 1991. A complete checklist of
the birds of the world, (2 nd ed.): San Diego, California,
Academic Press, 622 p.

Monroe, B. L. Jr., and Sibley, C. G. 1993. A world checklist
of birds: New Haven, Connecticutt, Yale University
Press, 393 p.

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