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The Environmental Husbandry Manual
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Individual Methods for Enclosure Design
Mud Wallows

The methods outlined in this section relate to features of enclosure construction and layout which may be used to enhance the living conditions of animals, including the use of shelter areas, vegetation, viewing platforms and climbing structures.

Mud Wallows

Method Created either on purpose with a hose, or with the overflow from pools in poor drainage areas. The soil can be churned up and used as a wallow by the animals.
Species Rhino, Pygmy Hippo, Babirusa, Pere David’s Deer.
Purpose Allows the exhibition of natural behaviours. The coating of mud protects from sunburn and reduces the irritation of biting insects.
Pro --
Con Becomes very messy in wet weather, making it difficult to work inside the enclosure.
Improvements Purpose built area for a wallow with a raised lip to contain the substrate and good drainage to dry out the area when required.
Comments Can become stagnant in summer, so should be dug over regularly.
Frequency of Use Constant.
Ratings Usefulness 10
Convenience 8
Value For Money 10
Range of Users 10
Contributed By Hoof-Stock Section

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