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The Environmental Husbandry Manual
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Individual Methods for Enclosure Design
Pebble Beach

The methods outlined in this section relate to features of enclosure construction and layout which may be used to enhance the living conditions of animals, including the use of shelter areas, vegetation, viewing platforms and climbing structures.

Pebble Beach

Method Area of the enclosure with small to medium sized smooth pebbles as the underfoot substrate.
Species Penguins, Ibis.
Purpose Provide a different substrate, simulating some of the natural habitat. The varied shape of the pebbles is less abrasive on feet than concrete.
Pro --
Con Pebbles become very slippery in summer due to algal growth, as a result of poor drainage from concrete underneath the pebbles.
Improvements Increase drainage by removing concrete under-surface.
Comments Although pebbles are better for the condition of the birds feet, many birds selectively choose not to stand in pebble areas.
Frequency of Use Constant.
Ratings Usefulness 7
Convenience 8
Value For Money 7
Range of Users 6
Contributed By Bird Section

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