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References / Miscellaneous
Documents List / D20 - The Environmental Husbandry Manual /
Individual Methods for
The methods outlined in this section relate to
features of enclosure construction and layout which may be used to enhance the living
conditions of animals, including the use of shelter areas, vegetation, viewing platforms
and climbing structures.
||Variable textured bark, wood
shavings and wood chips, spread generously around the enclosure, to a depth of at least
||All animals not totally arboreal
||Provide substrate for foraging,
for dust bathing to deal with skin and feather parasites, to reduce disease, and to
provide variation in underfoot substrate texture and smell.
||Reduced incidence of disease as
bacteria in wood chip break down pathogens such as Salmonella (Chamove et al 1982). Bark
looks more natural than concrete.
||Bushes and other vegetation can be
planted in the wood chip. Different depths of bark in different areas of the enclosure add
||Wood chip should be raked daily if
possible, topped up every month, and replaced once or twice per year with fresh material.
|Value For Money
|Range of Users
Section / Bird Section / Hoof-Stock Section / Reptile
Section / Carnivore Section
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