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The Environmental Husbandry Manual
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Social Husbandry
Mixed Related Species (Birds)

The methods outlined in this section relate to the means of controlling breeding, and providing interaction and social stimulation, including the use of group housing, both of the same species and of different species together, and movements of individuals or groups into different environments.

Mixed Related Species (Birds)

Method Mixed Related Species (Birds).
Species Penguins, Ibis, Parrots.
Purpose Provide stimulation and interaction with different species, and interest and awareness for visitors. Many penguin species, for example, Gentoo and Macaroni Penguins, co-exist in the wild.
Pro Enables several species to share the enclosure resources.
Con Risk of intimidation. Birds with eggs or young offspring prone to disturbance or aggression (both directed and received). Also risk of hybridisation with some closely related species of birds e.g. Parrots.
Improvements --
Comments Penguins are separated into respective species during breeding season to reduce possible bullying, and risk of interbreeding, for example, between Rock-hopper and Macaroni Penguins. Moving males and females of some species into breeding enclosures at different times can stimulate breeding, as in the wild they arrive at breeding sites at different times. (See Enclosure Movement).
Frequency of Use Constant except during breeding season.
Ratings Usefulness 9
Convenience 9
Value For Money 10
Range of Users 10
Contributed By Bird Section

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