DISEASE SUMMARY PAGE

Bacterial Dermatitis in Bears

Summary Information
Diseases / List of Bacterial Diseases / Disease summary
Alternative Names --
Disease Agents
  • In two Helarctos malayanus - Sun bear cubs, Staphylococcus sp. and Acinetobacter sp. were detected, probably secondary to a mite infection, although no mites were found. (D255.6.w6c)
Infectious Agent(s)
Non-infectious Agent(s) --
Physical Agent(s) --
General Description In two Helarctos malayanus - Sun bear cubs:
  • Recurrent multifocal hair loss on two cubs, initially seen while the cubs were still in the maternity den. (D255.6.w6c, N18.47.w1)
Diagnosis
  • Staphylococcus sp. and Acinetobacter sp. were grown from a skin swab. (D255.6.w6c)
  • Biopsy revealed mild orthokeratotic hyperkeratosis and two possible mite burrows, but no mites; no mites were found when further sections were examined, but a mild perivascular dermatitis was found, with mast cells and other round cells. (D255.6.w6c)
Treatment:
  • Antibiotics, chosen according to sensitivity testing, therefore Clavulox (amoxycillin-clavulanic acid) 50 mg/day was given. (D255.6.w6c, N18.47.w1)
    • Tablets were crushed, mixed with honey and blackcurrant concentrate, and the cubs offered the mixture to lick off a spoon while their mother was kept occupied with honey treats. (N18.47.w1)
  • Oral ivermectin was given to the cubs and their mother for treatment of any underlying mite infection. (D255.6.w6c)
Further Information
Associated Techniques
Host taxa groups /species

Return to top of page