|Diseases / List of Bacterial Diseases
/ Disease summary
vulgaris, Proteus spp. (swarming) (B32.14.w21).
||Indirect / Secondary
diarrhoea in young animals, otitis externa (Proteus mirabilis) in
dogs, urinary tract infections in spayed bitches. (B47)
- Proteus infection may cause diarrhoea: (D66,
- Faeces pale green and stringy/sticky/sloppy;
- Proteus spp. are widely distributed in nature and commonly
found in low numbers in animal faeces (particularly pigs and dogs).
Their numbers are most likely to rise if the normal intestinal flora
is disturbed. (B47)
- Oiled birds (see Oiling)
may develop either localised or generalised Proteus infection. (P4.1990.w1)
- Antimicrobial sensitivity notes: Proteus mirabilis is
usually sensitive to ampicillin,
kanamycin, penicillins and streptomycin
but Proteus vulgaris is often resistant to both penicillins and
cephalosporins. Many strains of these organisms carry plasmid-encoded
resistance to other antibiotics such as tetracycline and both species
are naturally resistant to bacitracin, colistin and polymyxin B.
Testing for antibiotic sensitivity is recommended. (B47)
- Lesions of arthritis
(caused by various pathogens, including two cases of
Proteus vulgaris) in ducks were described as enlarged joint, periarticular tissue
inflammation, cloudy, fibrino-purulent and sometimes sanguineous joint exudate or dryish
yellow-grey exudate, degeneration and necrosis of articular surfaces and variable
extension to involve subchondral bone. (J6.10.w3)
- Proteus isolated from "sick ducklings" failed to cause
disease on inoculation. (B32.14.w21)
- Differential diagnosis:
- Framycetin, 0.5ml of 5%
solution, diluted in 4.5 ml of boiled water, orally daily for three days. (D66)
- Potentiated sulphonamides (e.g. Tribrissen 24% (Schering-Plough
Animal Health), 30 mg/kg once daily intramuscularly or
subcutaneously, for five to eight days, or Zaquilan (Schering-Plough
Animal Health) 20-40 mg/kg orally once daily), or Amoxycillin
/ Clavulanic acid
(30-50 mg/kg twice daily orally, subcutaneously or
intramuscularly) or Enrofloxacin
(10 mg/kg twice daily subcutaneously, intramuscularly or orally).
- Supportive treatment: Fluid therapy is essential.
Ingelheim Limited) is recommended (0.1-0.2 ml/kg no more
frequently than every eight hours, not for prolonged use) if
squeals indicate that the hedgehog is suffering from intestinal
cramping. Probiotics, digestive enzymes, vitamins and Kaolin may
also be useful. (D107)
|Techniques linked to this disease
|Host taxa groups /species
|Disease has been reported in either the wild or in captivity
in the following species:
- Swarming Proteus
recovered from ducks with salpingitis noted at slaughter in Denmark (J6.24.w1).
- Proteus vulgaris recovered from two cases of arthritis in ducks in
- Proteus isolated from "sick ducklings" (B32.14.w21).
(List does not contain all other species groups affected by this
|Disease has been reported in free-ranging populations of the
following WATERFOWL Species: