Cardiac Valve Disease in Rabbits

Summary Information
Diseases / List of Miscellaneous / Metabolic / Multifactorial Diseases / Disease summary
Alternative Names See also:
Disease Agents
  • Valvular endocarditis can be caused by Staphylococcus aureus. (B602.21.w21)
Infectious Agent(s) --
Non-infectious Agent(s) --
Physical Agent(s) --
General Description
  • Usually a focal murmur on auscultation. (B601.10.w10, B602.21.w21)
  • Echocardiography (two-dimensional and Doppler) (B601.10.w10, B602.21.w21)
    • Thickening of one or both atrioventricular valves.
    • Heart chambers dilated.
    • Regurgitation of blood or turbulent flow visible by Doppler echocardiography.
  • See: Imaging in Lagomorph Diagnosis and Treatment
Further Information
  • Not uncommon. (B602.21.w21) May affect the mitral or tricuspid valve. Often endocardiosis. (B601.10.w10, B602.21.w21)
  • Note: both the mitral and tricuspid valves of rabbits have two cusps. (B601.10.w10, B602.21.w21)
  • Mitral and bicuspid valve regurgitation in pet rabbits have been treated with Digoxin 0.003 - 0.03 mg/kg orally every 12-48 hours. (J15.27.w1)
Associated Techniques
Host taxa groups /species
Disease Author Debra Bourne MA VetMB PhD MRCVS (V.w5)
Referees Brigitte Reusch BVet Med (Hons) CertZooMed MRCVS (V.w127)

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