DISEASE SUMMARY PAGE

Crushing (with special reference to Waterfowl and Hedgehogs)

Summary Information
Diseases / List of Physical / Traumatic Diseases / Disease summary
Alternative Names --
Disease Agents
  • Physical force.
Infectious Agent(s) --
Non-infectious Agent(s) --
Physical Agent(s)
General Description
In Waterfowl:
  • May vary from minor bruising to severe haemorrhage, fractures and rupture of internal organs (V.w5).

In Hedgehogs:

  • Crushing injuries are commonly seen affecting a single foot, with multiple fractures of bones (crushed) and associated infection, sometimes including frank pus. (B151, B284.6.w6)
  • Road traffic accident victims which have survived initially may have soft tissue injuries such as rupture and herniation of the abdominal muscles (Abdominal Rupture in Hedgehogs), diaphragm rupture and/or rectal prolapse (Rectal Prolapse in Hedgehogs). (B156.7.w7, B284.6.w6)
  • Further details of fractures which may be associated with road traffic accidents or other causes are provided in Fractures of Hedgehogs.
  • Hedgehogs are often fatally crushed by vehicles on roads. (B259.w9, D102)
Further Information
In Waterfowl:
  • Crushing injuries may occur when an individual becomes caught between solid objects or between a solid object and the ground.
  • Care must be taken particularly to avoid crushing injuries caused by opening or closing gates and doors, and during capture.

(V.w5)

In Hedgehogs:

Treatment:

  • For crushed feet, antibiotics should be chosen on the basis of culture from exudate. (B151)
    • The severity of the injury may require amputation (after which the individual must be maintained in sheltered accommodation). (B151, B284.6.w6)
  • Abdominal hernias respond well to surgical repair. (B156.7.w7) See: Abdominal Rupture in Hedgehogs
Associated Techniques
Host taxa groups /species
Disease has been reported in either the wild or in captivity in the following species: [N.B. Miscellaneous / Traumatic Diseases tend to be under-reported and the majority are likely to affect all species, given exposure to the related disease agents/factors.]
  • Mute swans Cygnus olor, having been variously caught between boats, caught between lock-gates and sat on by a cow [!] (B9.6.w1).
  • In Erinaceus europaeus in the UK. (B151)
Disease has been reported in free-ranging populations of the following species:
  • Mute swans Cygnus olor, having been variously caught between boats, caught between lock-gates and sat on by a cow [!] (B9.6.w1).
  • In Erinaceus europaeus in the UK. (B151)

[N.B. Miscellaneous / Traumatic Diseases tend to be under-reported and the majority are likely to affect all  species, given exposure to the related disease agents/factors.]

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