Ice Entrapment in Waterfowl

Summary Information
Diseases / List of Physical / Traumatic Diseases / Disease summary
Alternative Names --
Disease Agents Ice, particularly when rapidly-forming. Freezing temperatures, particularly rapidly dropping temperature causing rapid freezing (B36.51.w51).
Infectious Agent(s) --
Non-infectious Agent(s) --
Physical Agent(s)
General Description
  • Waterfowl becoming trapped with e.g. feathers and/or feet frozen into the ice.

(B15, B36.51.w51, B126).

Further Information
  • Waterfowl trapped in ice are vulnerable to predation.
  • Severe traumatic injuries may result as birds try to free themselves.


Associated Techniques
Host taxa groups /species
Disease has been reported in either the wild or in captivity in the following WATERFOWL Species: [N.B. Miscellaneous / Traumatic Diseases tend to be under-reported and the majority are likely to affect all waterfowl species, given exposure to the related disease agents/factors.]
  • Canada geese Branta canadensis trapped by high winds preventing flight and splashing water over the birds at the same time as rapidly-dropping temperatures (B36.51.w51).
  • Ducks (B126).
Disease has been reported in free-ranging populations of the following WATERFOWL Species: --

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