Traumatic Musculoskeletal Swellings in Elephants

Summary Information
Diseases / List of Physical / Traumatic Diseases / Disease summary
Alternative Names See also:
Disease Agents
  • Traumatic events, mainly due to falls or actions of cage mates, causing changes in limb use, swelling, oedema, pain or discomfort, without a break in the skin. (B450.18.w18)
Infectious Agent(s) --
Non-infectious Agent(s) --
Physical Agent(s)
General Description Clinical signs:
  • Usually acute onset. (B450.18.w18)
  • Change in limb use or movement. (B450.18.w18)
  • Local swelling. (B450.18.w18)
  • Pain or discomfort. (B450.18.w18)
Further Information Diagnosis
  • Clinical signs (see above).
  • Infrared-thermography may assist in determining exactly where the injury is located. (P6.4.w4)


Associated Techniques
Host taxa groups /species

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