Bhanja Virus Infection in Hedgehogs and Bears

Summary Information
Diseases / List of Viral Diseases / Disease link

This disease page is currently being used in Wildpro to link different data types and demonstrate inter-relationships. Whilst basic information is available, it does not contain comprehensive information.

Alternative Names --
Disease Agents Bhanja virus, an arthropod-borne virus of the Bunyaviridae: Bhanjavirus bhanja (J97.30.w1)
Infectious Agent(s)
Non-infectious Agent(s) --
Physical Agent(s) --
General Description A tick-borne virus infection transmitted by bites of Amblyomminae ticks (Acaridae (Family)). (J97.30.w1)
In humans: 
In animals: 
In Hedgehogs:
Further Information
  • Other recognised vertebrate hosts include sheep, goats, cattle, humans and Xerus erythropus - Geoffroy's ground squirrel (Sciuridae - Squirrels, Marmots etc.). (J97.30.w1)
  • Antibodies to this virus have been detected additionally in dogs, Red deer - Cervus elaphus, Western roe deer - Capreolus capreolus, Wild boar - Sus scrofa. (J97.30.w1)
  • The virus is transmitted by several tick species. (J97.30.w1, B228.9.w9)
  • It is possible that migratory birds may play a role in dissemination of this virus by transporting infected immature ticks to remote areas. (J97.30.w1)
  • This range of this virus infection includes Europe (Italy, Croatia, Bulgaria, Romania, Eastern Slovakia), Asia (India, Kirghizia, Kazakhstan, Azerbaijan, Armenia) and Africa (Senegal, Guinea, Nigeria, Cameroon, Central Africa, Kenya, Somali). (J97.30.w1)
In Hedgehogs:
In Bears:
  • Antibodies to Bhanja virus were detected by haemagglutination-inhibition (HI) test in 3/15 sera from Ursus arctos - Brown bear from Croatia (all seropositive bears were free-living). [1993](J1.29.w15)
Techniques linked to this disease
WaterfowlINDEXDisInvTrCntr.gif (2325 bytes)
Host taxa groups /species Further information on Host species has only been incorporated for species groups for which a full Wildpro "Health and Management" module has been completed (i.e. for which a comprehensive literature review has been undertaken). Host species with further information available are listed below:

(List does not contain all other species groups affected by this infectious agent)

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