SPECIES SUMMARY PAGE
Bufo bufo - Common European toad:
|Living Organisms / Animalia / Craniata / Amphibia / Anura / Bufonidae / Bufo / Species|
|Description||General: warty skin, Squat
broad body.Prominent parotid glands. Front legs short and stout with four toes, not
webbed. Larger, powerful hind legs, with five toes, partially webbed (B159, B160, B161)
Skin: Warty, usually brown
Breeding Males: rough pads on fore feet at base of fourth toe (rounded, flat) and first toe (rounded, larger). B161
Tadpole: Darker than those of frogs and smaller than similar-age frog tadpoles (B161).
Toadlets: Darker than adults (B160).
Similar species: distinguished from Bufo calamita - Natterjack by darker eye, oblique rather than parallel parotid glands and lack of yellow stripe down centre of back (B159).
|Range and Habitat||
World: Palearctic from British Isles across Europe and Asia to Japan; north-west Africa (B159)
Skin shedding: Periodic (B160).
Longevity: Have reached 40 years in captivity (B160).
Age: End of fourth year (B160).
Tadpoles: initially algae on leaves and stems of plants, later animal food: dead fish, fledglings, tadpoles (B161) .
Feeding: Sit and wait. Take moving prey (B160).
Organisations (UK Contacts):
Electronic Library (further reading):
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