Kingdoms / Animalia / Craniata / Aves / Anseriformes / Anatidae / Anas / Species
< >  Anas falcata - Falcated duck (Click photographs/illustrations: full picture & further details)
 Click Photo for full-page view Click on photograph for full-screen view Click on photograph for full-screen view Click on photograph for full-screen view

INFORMATION AVAILABLE

GENERAL & REFERENCES

EXTERNAL APPEARANCES

REPRODUCTION

BEHAVIOUR

NATURAL DIET

RANGE & HABITAT

CONSERVATION

Click image to return to Waterfowl Contents FlowchartCONTENTS
(Waterfowl)

Click image for list of Waterfowl Species

Click image for list of Waterfowl Agents
Click image for list of Waterfowl Diseases
Click image for list of Waterfowl Environmental Events / Factors

Return to top of page

General and References

Alternative Names (Synonyms)

Falcated teal
Bronze-capped teal
Canard faucilles (French)
Sichelente (German)
Cerceta de Alfanjes (Spanish)
Cerceta falcata (Spanish)
Bronskopeend (Dutch)
Praktand (Swedish)
Eunetta falcata

Names for newly-hatched

Duckling, downy.

Names for non-breeding males or other colour-phases

Eclipse

Return to top of page

References

Species Author

Debra Bourne

Major References

B1, B2, B3, B5, B8, B19, B25, B26, B27.

Aviculture references:
B7, B29, B30, B31, B40, B94, B95, B97, B108, B128.w1, B128.w2)
D1, D8

Other References

--
Click image for main Reference Section

Return to top of page

TAXA Group (where information has been collated for an entire group on a modular basis)

Parent Group

Specific Needs Group referenced in Management Techniques

  •  

Return to top of page

Aviculture information

Notes

General Information:
  • Dabbling Ducks are generally hardy, easy to maintain and easy to breed. Shelter may be required by some of the smaller species in winter. They should be provided with cover (including marginal pond cover) and loafing areas as well as water. A pen which is 50% water is suggested. The water may be shallow (i.e. no more than two feet deep is required), and muddy areas for dabbling in are also appreciated. These ducks are generally good in mixed collections, although the smaller and quieter species may be bullied. Territorial disputes between ducks of the same species may be avoided by keeping only one pair of each species in an enclosure, unless the area is very large. For a single pair of ducks a pen are of 50 to 100 square metres, depending on the size of duck, should be provided.
  • A diet based on wheat and pellets is suggested, with maintenance pellets changed to breeders pellets for the breeding season. Bread and greenfood are also appreciated. Grit should always be available, with soluble grit (e.g. oystershell grit) as a calcium source when breeding.
  • Most species are ground nesters and both close ground cover and ground level nest boxes should be provided. Hand-rearing is generally preferred, as these ducks are generally poor parents in captive conditions, particularly in enclosures shared with other waterfowl. These ducks are prone to hybridization, particularly with closely related species, which should be kept apart from one another.

(B7, B29, B30, B40, B94, B128.w1, D1)

Species-specific information:

  • Falcated ducks (Falcated teal) are winter-hardy and suitable for mixed collections. They may be fed as other Dabbling Ducks: pellets, grain, greenfood, bread. For breeding, they may do best sharing a reasonable-sized enclosure e.g. with a pair of geese, with natural vegetation cover for nesting.
  • These ducks are fairly easy to breed, nesting in thick natural cover, but they may also use a ground-level nest box. Laying expected mid May to mid June in western and central Europe, rarely earlier. Artificial incubation is suggested due to the risk of predation of both duck and ducklings; the duck may re-lay. Rearing of ducklings is not difficult if ample green food is available (e.g. duckweed, minced grass).
  • Hybridisation with other Anas species, may give fertile offspring; hybridisation with Tadorna ferruginea - Ruddy shelduck has also been reported.

(B29, B30, B31, B94, B95, B97, B108, B128.w2)

Aviornis UK Ringing Scheme recommended average ring size: K 10.0mm (D8).

Management Techniques

--
Click image for main Aviculture Section

Return to top of page

External Appearance (Morphology)

Measurement & Weight

Length 18-21 inches, 46-53cm (B3); 46-54cm (B1).
Adult weight General 422-770g (B1).
Male 590-770g average 713g (B3); mean 1.7 lbs. (B8).
Female 422-700g average 585g; mean 1.7 lbs. (B8).
Newly-hatched weight --
Growth rate --

Return to top of page

Head

Adult Bill Male Dark grey to black.
Variations (If present) --
Eyes (Iris) Male Brown.
Variations(If present) --
Juvenile Bill Dark grey.
Eyes (Iris) Brown.

Return to top of page

Legs

Adult Male Dark grey.
Variations (If present) --
Juvenile Dark grey.

Return to top of page

Plumage

Adult Male Head with long crest iridescent green and purple, white spot on forehead, chin, throat and foreneck white with black collar. Breast grey with black scaling, flanks and underparts pale grey with fine black vermiculations. Rump, tail and uppertail coverts blackish, ventral region coverts buff surrounded with black, and with white on sides behind flanks.

Upperparts grey: scapulars grey and elongated, tertials long, pointed grey and black. Wing has blackish primaries, grey coverts with white tips to greater coverts, glossy green secondaries with white tips forming green speculum with white borders.

Variations (If present) Female: head and neck grey-brown with dark streaking and slight nape crest. Breast and underparts brown with darker markings, white central abdomen, upperparts darker brown with pale markings. Tail dark grey. Wing similar to male but coverts browner, secondaries less green.

Eclipse:: similar to female but darker and with greyer forewing.

Juvenile Similar to female but buffer and duller. Greyer forewing in males than females.

Return to top of page

Newly-hatched Characteristics

General: Dark brown upperparts, reddish buff underparts including sides of face, slight line behind eye, pale markings on wings and back.
Bill: Grey
Feet: Grey.

Return to top of page

Reproduction

Reproductive Season

Time of year Begins May/June.
No. of Clutches --

Return to top of page

Nest placement and structure

Nests near water, in tall grass or in bushes, on the ground.

Return to top of page

Egg clutches

No. of Eggs Average --
Range 6-9 (B1, B8).
Egg Description Creamy or yellowish (B8). Size: 56 x 40mm, weight: 49g (B3).

Return to top of page

Incubation

24-26 days (B1, B8).

Return to top of page

Hatching

Synchronous.

Return to top of page

Fledging

45-60 days (B8).

Return to top of page

Sexual Maturity

Males --
Females --

Return to top of page

Behaviour

Feeding Behaviour

Adults Dabbles and up-ends in shallow water, also grazes on land.
Newly-hatched --

Return to top of page

Parental Behaviour

Nest-building Nests as solitary pairs or in loose groups.
Incubation By the female only, but the male may stay near at first.
Newly-hatched Tended by the female only.
Juveniles

--

Return to top of page

Social Behaviour

Intra-specific Usually in pairs or small groups, but large flocks on migration and in the winter.
Inter-specific Often seen with Anas strepera - Gadwall in winter in south-east Asia.

Return to top of page

Sexual Behaviour

Strong seasonal monogamous pair bond.

Return to top of page

Predation in Wild

--

Return to top of page

Activity Patterns

--
Circadian --

Return to top of page

Natural Diet

Adults

Seeds and green parts of aquatic plants, and crops, grasses, rice and grains. Also aquatic invertebrates.

Return to top of page

Newly-hatched

--

Return to top of page

Range and Habitat

Distribution and Movement (Migration etc.)

Normal

South-eastern Siberia and Mongolia to Kuril Islands and north Japan.

Migrates to winter in eastern Asia (China, Japan, Korea, and Vietnam), scattered locations westward to north-eastern India.

Occasional and Accidental

Vagrants west to Iran, Jordan, Turkey, and east to Aleutian Islands.

Introduced

--

Return to top of page

Habitat

Freshwater lakes, pond, lagoons and rivers, often in wooded areas.

Also coasts, larger shallow waters, flooded meadows and rice fields in winter.

Return to top of page

Conservation

Intraspecific variation

--

Return to top of page

Conservation Status

Wild Population -
(Importance)

Widespread and reasonably abundant in some areas of Russia, but overall declining (B1).

CITES listing --
Red-data book listing --
Threats Habitat loss and hunting (B1, B8).

Return to top of page

Captive Populations

Common and popular in collections (B8).

Return to top of page

Trade

--

Return to top of page