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< >  Anas puna - Puna teal (Click photographs/illustrations: full picture & further details)
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INFORMATION AVAILABLE

GENERAL & REFERENCES

EXTERNAL APPEARANCES

REPRODUCTION

BEHAVIOUR

NATURAL DIET

RANGE & HABITAT

CONSERVATION

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General and References

Alternative Names (Synonyms)

Puna silver teal
Anas versicolor puna

Names for newly-hatched

Duckling, downy.

Names for non-breeding males or other colour-phases

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References

Species Author

Debra Bourne

Major References

B1, B3, B5, B8, B25, B26.

Aviculture references:
B7, B29, B30, B40, B94, B96, B97, B108, B128.w1
D1, D8

Other References

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TAXA Group (where information has been collated for an entire group on a modular basis)

Parent Group

Specific Needs Group referenced in Management Techniques

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Aviculture Information

Notes

General Information:
  • Dabbling Ducks are generally hardy, easy to maintain and easy to breed. Shelter may be required by some of the smaller species in winter. They should be provided with cover (including marginal pond cover) and loafing areas as well as water. A pen which is 50% water is suggested. The water may be shallow (i.e. no more than two feet deep is required), and muddy areas for dabbling in are also appreciated. These ducks are generally good in mixed collections, although the smaller and quieter species may be bullied. Territorial disputes between ducks of the same species may be avoided by keeping only one pair of each species in an enclosure, unless the area is very large. For a single pair of ducks a pen are of 50 to 100 square metres, depending on the size of duck, should be provided.
  • A diet based on wheat and pellets is suggested, with maintenance pellets changed to breeders pellets for the breeding season. Bread and greenfood are also appreciated. Grit should always be available, with soluble grit (e.g. oystershell grit) as a calcium source when breeding.
  • Most species are ground nesters and both close ground cover and ground level nest boxes should be provided. Hand-rearing is generally preferred, as these ducks are generally poor parents in captive conditions, particularly in enclosures shared with other waterfowl. These ducks are prone to hybridization, particularly with closely related species, which should be kept apart from one another.

(B7, B29, B30, B40, B94, B128.w1, D1)

Species-specific information:

  • Puna teal are quite hardy, but quiet. These popular little ducks prefer natural cover and a secluded pen, particularly for breeding. Feed with wheat, pellets, greenfood, grass, bread.
  • These ducks are easy to breed. Close ground cover, and ground-level or raised nest boxes should be provided. Eggs are normally laid April to May or June. Both parents participate in rearing.
  • Hybridisation reported with Anas versicolor - Silver teal (previously considered subspecies). (previously considered subspecies).

(B29, B94, B96, B97, B108).

Aviornis UK Ringing Scheme recommended average closed ring size: J 9.0mm (D8).

Management Techniques

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External Appearance (Morphology)

Measurement & Weight

Length 48-51cm (B1)
Adult weight General About 550g (B1).
Male 546-560g (B3); 1.2 lbs. (B8)
Female --
Newly-hatched weight --
Growth rate --

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Head

Adult Bill Male Powder-blue with black dorsal (culmen) stripe (B25).
Variations (If present) --
Eyes (Iris) Male Brown (B25)
Variations(If present) --
Juvenile Bill Slightly duller (B8).
Eyes (Iris) Brown (B25)

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Legs

Adult Male Dark grey (B3, B5, B25).
Variations (If present) --
Juvenile Dark grey (B3, B5, B25).

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Plumage

Adult Male Dorsal head (eye upward) and hindneck black, lower sides of head, throat, foreneck and sides of neck creamy, breast buff-grey with weak brown spotting, flanks finely barred. Rump, tail and coverts and abdomen vermiculated dark grey and white; upperparts brown-grey with buff feather edging (mantle and scapulars), tertials dark brown, elongated. Wings grey, greater coverts broadly white-tipped, secondaries metallic green/blue with subterminal black bar, and tipped white (B25).
Variations (If present) Female:- browner underparts, flanks wider barred brown and buff, smaller and duller speculum (B8, B25).
Juvenile Duller, less contrast on head pattern, duller speculum (B1, B8, B25)

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Newly-hatched Characteristics

General: Upperparts brown with greyish-white markings; underparts greyish white, black eyeline (B1, B5).
Bill: Grey (B5).
Feet: Grey (B5).

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Reproduction

Reproductive Season

Time of year Variable and prolonged; mainly November to January in northern Chile, July and August in Peru (B1, B3, B5, B8).
No. of Clutches --

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Nest placement and structure

On dry ground, in tall coarse grass, not always very close to water (B5, B8).

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Egg clutches

No. of Eggs Average 5-6 (B5)
Range 5-7 (B8).
Egg Description Pale creamy or pale pinkish (B5, B8).

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Incubation

25-26 days (B3); 25-27 days (B8).

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Hatching

Synchronous.

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Fledging

50-60 days (B8).

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Sexual Maturity

Males  
Females  

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Behaviour

Feeding Behaviour

Adults Dabble with head submerged, dabble wadding in shallow, up-end, rarely dive (B25)
Newly-hatched --

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Parental Behaviour

Nest-building Solitary or in small colonies, built by female (B8).
Incubation By female (B3).
Newly-hatched Tended by female and male (B8, B25)
Juveniles

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Social Behaviour

Intra-specific Usually pairs or small groups (B8, B25)
Inter-specific Do not usually mix with other species (B8).

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Sexual Behaviour

Pair bond may be long-term (B25).

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Predation in Wild

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Activity Patterns

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Circadian --

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Natural Diet

Adults

Seeds of water plants, some insects (B5).

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Newly-hatched

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Range and Habitat

Distribution and Movement (Migration etc.)

Normal

Puna zone of south-west South America: central Andes of Peru, Bolivia, northern Chile, extreme north-western Argentina, above 3,600 metres. (B1, B5, B19).

Occasional and Accidental

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Introduced

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Habitat

High Andean plateaux, large lakes, ponds, marshes, in dry tussock-grass moorland (B5, B26).

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Conservation

Intraspecific variation

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Conservation Status

Wild Population -
(Importance)

Not threatened; widespread and fairly common (B8).

CITES listing --
Red-data book listing --
Threats Some hunting pressure (B8).

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Captive Populations

Well established and regularly bred in collections (B8).

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Trade

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