Burhinus oedicnemus - Eurasian thick-knee:

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Summary Information
Living Organisms / Animalia / Craniata / Aves / Ciconiiformes / Burhinidae / Burhinus / Species

This section is currently predominantly used in Wildpro to link different data types and demonstrate inter-relationships. Although it identifies that taxonomic interrelationships of species (see "header") it does not currently contain detailed information on the bird species itself. As WILDPro is developed, we will gradually convert these pages into full Species pages.

The taxonomy of birds is still under review and the A World Checklist of Birds by Burt L. Monroe, Jr and Charles G. Sibley (B89) has been chosen as the primary reference. The taxonomic structure will be amended when new editions or complete references are identified by the scientific world as the recognized primary references for taxonomy.

Alternative Names
  • Stone curlew (B163)
  • Stonecurlew
Distribution General Range: Eurasia, south-eastern Asia: winters to Africa (B89)
  • In London: "a scarce passage migrant." (J322.65.w1)
Habitat Breeding - Open heaths and stony fields (chalky grasslands), also dry estuaries / saline lakes (B163)
Further Information Feeding:
  • food - mainly insects (invertebrates); also small vertebrates
  • feeding behaviour - mainly stalks and strikes; also gleans on ground; usually crepuscular or nocturnal


  • location and structure - deep scrape on ground
  • breeding structure - monogamous


  • markings - patterned
  • number of eggs - 1 (1-3)
  • broods - one (sometimes two) brood(s) per season
  • incubation - by male and female; 24-26 (27) days


  • development - Precocial; finds own food
  • parental caring for young - by male and female
  • fledging - 36-42 days

(B163, B164)

Organisations (UK Contacts):

Electronic Library (further reading):

General Legislation:

  • This species is listed on Schedule 1 - Part I (Birds protected by special penalties: Notes on the revised schedules state "Birds protected by special penalties at all times") of the LUK2 - Wildlife and Countryside Act 1981 of the United Kingdom. (W5.Oct01)

Individual techniques:

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