< >  Living Organisms / Animalia / Craniata / Aves / Ciconiiformes / Family:
Spheniscidae -


  • Aptenodytes -
  • Pygoscelis -
  • Eudyptes -
  • Megadyptes -
  • Eudyptula -
  • Spheniscus -


Primary References at the level of this taxa
B89 Burt L. Monroe, Jr and Charles G. Sibley
A World Checklist of Birds
B79 Lynn Margulis and Karlene V Schwartz
Five Kingdoms - An Illustrated Guide to the Phyla of Life on Earth, 3rd Edition
B73 Eleanor Lawrence
Henderson's Dictionary of Biological Terms, 11th Edition
B19 C.G. Sibley & B.L. Monroe, Jr
Distribution and Taxonomy of Birds of the World

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