Lagopus lagopus - Willow ptarmigan:

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Summary Information
Living Organisms / Animalia / Craniata / Aves / Galliformes / Phasianidae / Lagopus / Species

This section is currently predominantly used in Wildpro to link different data types and demonstrate inter-relationships. Although it identifies that taxonomic interrelationships of species (see "header") it does not currently contain detailed information on the bird species itself. As WILDPro is developed, we will gradually convert these pages into full Species pages.

The taxonomy of birds is still under review and the A World Checklist of Birds by Burt L. Monroe, Jr and Charles G. Sibley (B89) has been chosen as the primary reference. The taxonomic structure will be amended when new editions or complete references are identified by the scientific world as the recognized primary references for taxonomy.

Alternative Names
  • Lagopus lagopus lagopus - Willow ptarmigan (B89)
  • Lagopus lagopus scoticus - Red grouse (B89)
  • Red grouse
Distribution General Range: Northern Holarctic (B89)
Habitat Breeding - Birch forests, dwarf willow and tundra; in the UK mainly heather moorland. (B163)
Further Information


  • food - green vegetation
  • feeding behaviour - gleans foliage


  • location and structure - ground scrape
  • nest building - female
  • breeding structure - monogamous


  • markings - patterned
  • number of eggs - 6-11 (4-7)
  • broods - one brood per season
  • incubation - by female; 19-25 days


  • development - Precocial; shown food by parents
  • parental caring for young - male and female
  • fledging - independent approximately 8 weeks old, but can fly much earlier

(B163, B164)

Organisations (UK Contacts):

Electronic Library (further reading):

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General Legislation:

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Individual techniques:

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