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Photograph / Copyright  Tori Kaldenberg-Spinoso. Used with permission.

Grus americana - Whooping crane
Pair with well-grown chick. Allowing cranes to hatch and rear their own chicks has several advantages: it provides optimum incubation conditions if the cranes sit well, requires less caretaker time than either artificial incubation or hand-rearing, and should produce chicks well-socialised to other cranes. Hatching an egg and rearing a chick can also improve the pair bond of the adults.  However, cranes will generally only rear one chick per year (some species/pairs may rear two chicks in a clutch; Balearica spp. may rear more) therefore parent incubation and rearing alone results in fewer chicks hatched and reared per year.