Eremophila alpestris - Horned lark:

Summary Information
Living Organisms / Animalia / Craniata / Aves / Passeriformes / Alaudidae / Eremophila / Species

This section is currently predominantly used in Wildpro to link different data types and demonstrate inter-relationships. Although it identifies that taxonomic interrelationships of species (see "header") it does not currently contain detailed information on the bird species itself. As WILDPro is developed, we will gradually convert these pages into full Species pages.

The taxonomy of birds is still under review and the A World Checklist of Birds by Burt L. Monroe, Jr and Charles G. Sibley (B89) has been chosen as the primary reference. The taxonomic structure will be amended when new editions or complete references are identified by the scientific world as the recognized primary references for taxonomy.

Alternative Names
  • Eremophila alpestris alpestris - Horned lark (B89)
  • Eremophila alpestris teleschowi - Przewalski's lark (B89)
  • Eremophila alpestris - Shore Lark (B163)
Distribution Holarctic to Mexico, mountains central-eastern China (B89)
Habitat Breeding - "Two populations; one in dry arctic tundra, in Scandinavia and Russia; the second on mountain-tops in morocco, eastern Europe, and eastward" (B163)
Further Information Feeding:
  • food - mainly insects in summer, sometimes seeds. Seeds in Winter
  • feeding behaviour - mainly ground gleaning, sometimes foliage gleaning


  • location and structure - saucer nest on ground
  • nest building - by female
  • breeding structure - monogamous


  • markings - patterned
  • number of eggs - 2-4 (5)
  • broods - 1 (2) broods
  • incubation - by female; 10-11 days


  • development - altricial
  • parental caring for young - by male and female
  • fledging - 16-18 days

(B163, B164)

Organisations (UK Contacts):

Electronic Library (further reading):

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General Legislation:

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Individual techniques:

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