Parus major - Great tit:

Click Photo for full-page view

Summary Information
Living Organisms / Animalia / Craniata / Aves / Passeriformes / Paridae / Parus / Species

This section is currently predominantly used in Wildpro to link different data types and demonstrate inter-relationships. Although it identifies that taxonomic interrelationships of species (see "header") it does not currently contain detailed information on the bird species itself. As WILDPro is developed, we will gradually convert these pages into full Species pages.

The taxonomy of birds is still under review and the A World Checklist of Birds by Burt L. Monroe, Jr and Charles G. Sibley (B89) has been chosen as the primary reference. The taxonomic structure will be amended when new editions or complete references are identified by the scientific world as the recognized primary references for taxonomy.

Alternative Names
  • Parus major major - Great tit (B89)
  • Parus major cinereus - Cinereous tit (B89)
  • Parus major minor - Japanese tit (B89)
  • -- (B164)
Distribution Palearctic, southern, south-eastern Asia, Lesser Sunda Islands (B89)
Habitat Breeding - "A wide range of deciduous and mixed wooded areas, including hedgerows and gardens" (B163)
Further Information Feeding:
  • food - Summer: insects, Winter: seeds and berries
  • feeding behaviour - mainly foliage gleans, sometimes ground gleans


  • location and structure - cavity or crevice nest in deciduous tree, sometimes cliff
  • nest building - female
  • breeding structure - monogamous


  • markings - patterned
  • number of eggs - 8-12 (-18)
  • broods - 1-2 broods
  • incubation - by female; 12-14 (10-22) days


  • development - Altricial
  • parental caring for young - by male and female
  • fledging - 16-22 days

(B163, B164)

Organisations (UK Contacts):

Electronic Library (further reading):

  • --

General Legislation:

  • --

Individual techniques:

Return to Top of Page