Parus montanus - Willow tit:

Summary Information
Living Organisms / Animalia / Craniata / Aves / Passeriformes / Paridae / Parus / Species

This section is currently predominantly used in Wildpro to link different data types and demonstrate inter-relationships. Although it identifies that taxonomic interrelationships of species (see "header") it does not currently contain detailed information on the bird species itself. As WILDPro is developed, we will gradually convert these pages into full Species pages.

The taxonomy of birds is still under review and the A World Checklist of Birds by Burt L. Monroe, Jr and Charles G. Sibley (B89) has been chosen as the primary reference. The taxonomic structure will be amended when new editions or complete references are identified by the scientific world as the recognized primary references for taxonomy.

Alternative Names
  • Parus montanus montanus - Willow tit (B89)
  • Parus montanus songarus - Songar tit (B89)
  • -- (B164)
Distribution Palearctic (B89)
Habitat Breeding - "A variety of woodlands; more often in conifers than is Marsh Tit and more often near water, in willows, alders, and damp birch forest" (B163)
Further Information Feeding:
  • food - mainly insects in summer, seeds and berries in winter
  • feeding behaviour - foliage gleans


  • location and structure - cavity nest in deciduous tree, sometimes coniferous tree
  • nest building - male and female
  • breeding structure - monogamous


  • markings - patterned
  • number of eggs - 6-9 (4-11)
  • broods - 1 brood
  • incubation - by female; 13-15 days


  • development - Altricial
  • parental caring for young - by male and female
  • fledging - 17-20 days

(B163, B164)

Organisations (UK Contacts):

Electronic Library (further reading):

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General Legislation:

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Individual techniques:

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