Sitta europea - Wood nuthatch:

Summary Information
Living Organisms / Animalia / Craniata / Aves / Passeriformes / Sittidae / Sitta / Species

This section is currently predominantly used in Wildpro to link different data types and demonstrate inter-relationships. Although it identifies that taxonomic interrelationships of species (see "header") it does not currently contain detailed information on the bird species itself. As WILDPro is developed, we will gradually convert these pages into full Species pages.

The taxonomy of birds is still under review and the A World Checklist of Birds by Burt L. Monroe, Jr and Charles G. Sibley (B89) has been chosen as the primary reference. The taxonomic structure will be amended when new editions or complete references are identified by the scientific world as the recognized primary references for taxonomy.

Alternative Names
  • Sitta europea europea - Eurasian nuthatch(B89)
  • Sitta europea caesia - Southern nuthatch (B89)
  • Sitta europea sinensis - Oriental nuthatch (B89)
  • -- (B164)
Distribution Palearctic (B89)
Habitat Breeding - "Deciduous and mixed woodland, especially with large trees; also gardens. In north in conifer forests" (B163)
Further Information Feeding:
  • food - Insects; seeds in winter
  • feeding behaviour - mainly bark gleaning, sometimes foliage gleaning


  • location and structure - mainly deciduous tree, sometimes coniferous. Cavity nest in tree. "Female plasters the entrance to the hole with mud to reduce it's size" (B163)
  • nest building - female
  • breeding structure - monogamous


  • markings - Patterned
  • number of eggs - 6-8 (5-12)
  • broods - 1 brood
  • incubation - by female; 13-18 days


  • development - Altricial
  • parental caring for young - by male and female
  • fledging - 23-24 (-26) days

(B163, B164)

Organisations (UK Contacts):

Electronic Library (further reading):

  • --

General Legislation:

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Individual techniques:

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