Turdus merula - Eurasian blackbird:

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Summary Information
Living Organisms / Animalia / Craniata / Aves / Passeriformes / Muscicapidae / Turdus / Species

This section is currently predominantly used in Wildpro to link different data types and demonstrate inter-relationships. Although it identifies that taxonomic interrelationships of species (see "header") it does not currently contain detailed information on the bird species itself. As WILDPro is developed, we will gradually convert these pages into full Species pages.

The taxonomy of birds is still under review and the A World Checklist of Birds by Burt L. Monroe, Jr and Charles G. Sibley (B89) has been chosen as the primary reference. The taxonomic structure will be amended when new editions or complete references are identified by the scientific world as the recognized primary references for taxonomy.

Alternative Names
  • Blackbird
  • Turdus merula merula - Eurasian blackbird (B89)
  • Turdus merula nigiri - Nilgiri blackbird (B89)
  • -- (B164)
Distribution Palearctic, India; introduced eastern Australia, New Zealand (B89)
Habitat Breeding - "Wide range of areas with trees, bushes, from deep forests to inner cities." (B163)
Further Information Feeding:
  • food - mainly insects, sometimes fruit
  • feeding behaviour - mainly ground gleans, sometimes probes


  • location and structure - cup nest in deciduous tree or shrub
  • nest building - female more than male
  • breeding structure - monogamous


  • markings - mainly patterned, sometimes unpatterned
  • number of eggs - 3-5 (2-6)
  • broods - 2-3 (5) brood
  • incubation - by female; 10-19 days


  • development - Altricial
  • parental caring for young - by male and female
  • fledging - 10-19 days

(B163, B164)

Organisations (UK Contacts):

Electronic Library (further reading):

  • --

General Legislation:

  • This species is listed on Schedule 3 - Part I (Birds which may be sold alive at all times if ringed and bred in captivity: Notes on the revised schedules state "NB: Certain birds on Schedule 4 may also be sold under licence provided they are registered with the DETR") of the LUK2 - Wildlife and Countryside Act 1981 of the United Kingdom. (W5.Oct01)

Individual techniques:

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