Passer domesticus - House sparrow:

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Summary Information
Living Organisms / Animalia / Craniata / Aves / Passeriformes / Passeridae / Passer / Species

This section is currently predominantly used in Wildpro to link different data types and demonstrate inter-relationships. Although it identifies that taxonomic interrelationships of species (see "header") it does not currently contain detailed information on the bird species itself. As WILDPro is developed, we will gradually convert these pages into full Species pages.

The taxonomy of birds is still under review and the A World Checklist of Birds by Burt L. Monroe, Jr and Charles G. Sibley (B89) has been chosen as the primary reference. The taxonomic structure will be amended when new editions or complete references are identified by the scientific world as the recognized primary references for taxonomy.

Alternative Names
  • Common sparrow
  • Passer domesticus domesticus - House sparrow (B89)
  • Passer domesticus indicus - Indian sparrow (B89)
  • -- (B164)
Distribution Palearctic to southern Asia; introduced cosmopolitan (B89)
Habitat Breeding - "Mainly urban, suburban, and agricultural areas, nearly always near settlements in Europe, although migratory races in Asia occur in wider range of habitats" (B163)
Further Information Feeding:
  • food - summer: insects, rest of year: seeds
  • feeding behaviour - ground gleaning, sometimes foliage gleaning


  • location and structure - sphere or crevice nest on cliff or in shrub
  • nest building - male and female
  • breeding structure - monogamous


  • markings - patterned
  • number of eggs - 3-6 (2-8)
  • broods - 1-3 broods
  • incubation - by male and female, female more than male; 11-14 (10-17) days


  • development - Altricial
  • parental caring for young - by male and female
  • fledging - 14-16 (12-18) days

(B163, B164)

Organisations (UK Contacts):

Electronic Library (further reading):

  • --

General Legislation:

  • This species is listed on Schedule 2 - Part 2 (Birds which may be killed or taken outside the close season, 1 February to 31 August except where indicated otherwise: Notes on the revised schedules state "Birds which may be killed or taken by authorised persons: This section has been replaced by General Licences with the same effect.") of the LUK2 - Wildlife and Countryside Act 1981 of the United Kingdom. (W5.Oct01)

Individual techniques:

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