Living Organisms / Animalia / Craniata / Mammalia / Carnivora / Ursidae / Melursus / Species:

< > DISTRIBUTION & MOVEMENT with literature reports for the Sloth bear - Melursus ursinus: Use sub-contents list below, or simply scroll down the page to view findings.

HABITAT & RANGE - Editorial Comment

Editorial Comment

(Editorial Overview Text Replicated on Overall Species page - Melursus ursinus - Sloth bear)

NATIVE DISTRIBUTION:

  • Sloth bears are found only on the Indian subcontinent: in India, Nepal, Bhutan, Sri Lanka and possibly Bangladesh.

Maps of their range are provided in B442 - Bears. Status Survey and Conservation Action Plan - Chapter 12 [full text provided]

INTRODUCTIONS: --

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Native Distribution

Source Information

  • India, Sri Lanka. (B51)
  • India, Nepal, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka. (B147)
  • India, Nepal, Bhutan, Sri Lanka, possibly Bangladesh. (B285.w4)
  • India and Sri Lanka, in the dry zones. (B144)
  • Indian subcontinent: India, Nepal, Bhutan, Sri Lanka and possibly Bangladesh. Found in low-altitude non-arid forest areas. Its range stretches north as far as the Himalayan foothills, east to the wet forests of the Naga hills (north-eastern India) and west to the desert regions of Rajasthan. This bear is no longer found in the central Bangladesh moist deciduous forests, but may still be found in the wet forests of eastern Bangladesh, bordering the Mizoram state of India. In Sri Lanka, this bear is limited to northern and eastern lowland forests which are not too degraded; it used to be more widespread. In Nepal and Bhutan, it is found in the lowland terai grasslands and Shivalik hill ranges. The present range has shrunk along its peripheries compared to the historic range, and become fragmented. (B435.w1)
  • The Indian subcontinent - India, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Bangladesh. Distribution in all countries has reduced and become patchy. In Sri Lanka, this bear is now found mainly in the northarn and eastern lowlands. In Nepal, it is only in the lowland terai protected areas (e.g. Chitwan-Parsa, Bardia), with the highest density in Chitwan; east of Chitwan, it is found to just short of the Kosi Tappu Wildlife Reserve. in Bangladesh, there may still be sloth bears in the remnant mixed evergreen forests. In India there is still a large (about 10,000 individuals) population over about 250,000 square kilometres of habitat. Unfortunately this habitat is discontinuous and in many areas is highly disturbed. They are found throughout peninsular India north to the Himalayan foothills, in most low-altitude non-arid areas with remaining forest cover. The two strongholds are the forests of Western Ghats and the Central Indian Highlands. [2003](J178.100.w1)

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Accidental and Naturally Introduced

Source Information

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Introduced

Source Information

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Authors & Referees

Authors

Dr Debra Bourne MA VetMB PhD MRCVS (V.w5)

Referee

David L. Garshelis (V.w98)

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