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HABITAT & RANGE - Editorial Comment

Editorial Comment (Editorial Overview Text Replicated on Overall Species page - Loxodonta africana - African Elephant)

These elephants are found in a variety of habitats including deep forest, open savannah, thornbush, semidesert scrub and wet marshes. Their main requirements for habitat which can support them is fresh water, plentiful vegetation for grazing and/or browsing and some available shade. 

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General Habitat Type

Source Information
  • "Forest, Savanna." (B51)
  • Loxodonta is found in various habitats such as deep forest, open savannah, thornbush, semidesert scrub and wet marshes. (B147)
  • Savanna grassland. (B285.w3)
  • Loxodonta may be found from sea level to elevations in excess of 5,000 m. (B147)
  • The main requirements for appropriate habitat are availability of fresh water, plentiful grass or browse, and some shade. (B147)
  • Elephants are able to find food in all types of vegetation; habitats which are richer can support more elephants than can poorer habitats. (B387.w4)
  • "The preferred natural habitat of Loxodonta africana africana is not really savannah at all, but rather the thick, moist gallery forests found at all altitudes in tropical Africa. In the past, africana sometimes migrated through the savannah lands in the rainy seasons, returning to the forests for the longer dry seasons." (B453.Intro.w13)

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Authors & Referees

Authors Dr Debra Bourne MA VetMB PhD MRCVS (V.w5)
Referee Susan K. Mikota DVM (V.w72)

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