Sus scrofa - Wild boar:

Click image for full-page view Sus scrofa - Wild boar sow with piglets. Click here for full-page view with caption. Sus scrofa - Wild boar piglet. Click here for full-page view with caption. Sus scrofa wild boar - head. Click here for full-page view with caption.

Summary Information
Living OrganismsAnimalia / Craniata / Mammalia / ArtiodactylaSuidae / Sus / Species

This section is currently predominantly used in Wildpro to link different data types and demonstrate inter-relationships. Although it identifies that taxonomic interrelationships of species (see "header") it does not currently contain detailed information on the mammal species itself. As WILDPro is developed, we will gradually convert these pages into full Species pages.

The taxonomy of Mammals is still under review and the Mammal Species of the world  - A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (Second Edition) by Don E. Wilson and DeeAnn M. Reeder (B141) has been chosen as the primary reference. The taxonomic structure will be amended when new editions or complete references are identified by the scientific world as the recognized primary references for taxonomy.

Alternative Names Ancestor of Sus domesticus - Domestic pig
  • Sanglier (French)
  • Wildschwein (German)

See Sus page for alternative genus names.

Alternative species names (the second part of the binomial species names): [Genus] acrocranius, [Genus] affinis, [Genus] aipomus, [Genus] algira, [Genus] andamanensis, [Genus] andersoni, [Genus] aper, [Genus] *aruensis, [Genus] attila, [Genus] babi, [Genus] baeticus, [Genus] barbarus, [Genus] bengalensis, [Genus] canescens, [Genus] castilianus, [Genus] celtica, [Genus] *ceramensis, [Genus] chirodontus, [Genus] collinus, [Genus] continentalis, [Genus] coreanus, [Genus] cristatus, [Genus] curtidens, [Genus] davidi, [Genus] dicrurus, [Genus] enganus, [Genus] europaeus, [Genus] falzfeini, [Genus] ferus, [Genus] flavescens; [Genus] floresianus, [Genus] frontosus, [Genus] gigas, [Genus] *goramensis, [Genus] indicus, [Genus] isonotus, [Genus] japonica, [Genus] jubatulus, [Genus] jubatus, [Genus] laticeps, [Genus] leucomystax, [Genus] leucorhinus, [Genus] libycus, [Genus] majori, mandchuricus, [Genus] mediterraneus, [Genus] melas, [Genus] meridionalis, [Genus] microdontus, [Genus] milleri, [Genus] moupinensis, [Genus] natunensis, [Genus] nicobaricus, *niger,[Genus] nigripes, [Genus] nipponicus, [Genus] oxyodontus, [Genus] paludosus, palustris, [Genus] *papuensis, [Genus] peninsularis, [Genus] planiceps, [Genus] raddeanus, reiseri, [Genus] rhionis, [Genus] riukiuanus, [Genus] sahariensis, [Genus] sardous, [Genus] scrofoides, [Genus] sennaarensis, [Genus] setosus, [Genus] sibiricus, [Genus] songaricus, spatharius, [Genus] taininensis, [Genus] taivanus, [Genus] *ternatensis, [Genus] tuancus, ussuricus,[Genus] vittatus, [Genus] zeylonensis (*may be based on descendants of scrofu X celebensis hybrids) (B141)

Distribution "Europe, North western Africa - South eastern Siberia - Java, Honshu, Taiwan, Sri Lanka, [New Guinea, New Zealand];" (B51).
Europe, north Africa, Asia, Sumatra, Japan and Taiwan. Introduced to North America (B52)
"Northern Africa; Europe, Southern Russia and China south to Middle East, India, Sri Lanka, and Indonesia (Sumatra, Java east to Bali and Sumbawa Islands). Extinct in British Isles and Scandinavia. Populations of Corsica and Sardinia and formerly in Egypt and North Sudan are or were of old feral origin. Widespread as feral populations in Norway, Sweden, South Africa, Lesser Sunda Islands, Australia, USA, West Indies, Central and South America and numerous oceanic islands, including Andaman Islands and Mauritius (Indian Ocean); Hawaiian, Galapagos and fiji Islands (Pacific Ocean). Feral and domestic populations of Molucca Islands, New Guinea and Solomon Islands thought to originate from scrofa X celebensis hybrids."(B141).
  • Deciduous and mixed forests with moors, pine thickets, brush and grass jungles, dry steppes, rain forests. up to 12,800ft/4000m (B144).
  • "Broad-leaved woodlands and steppe." (B52)
Description Head:
  • Eyes: Small (B52)
  • Ears: Fairly long (B52)
  • Nose: Mobile snout terminating in a flat disk in which the nostrils are set (B52)
  • Teeth: Distinct tusks formed by lower canines (B52)


  • Brownish grey (B52)
  • Undercoat in winter, none in summer (B144); bristles in summer, dense coat in winter (B52)
  • Juveniles: Brown stripy


  • Head-body length: 3.0-6.6ft/90-200cm (B144); 90-180cm (B52)
  • Tail: 6-16in./15-40cm (B144); 30-40cm (B52)
  • Shoulder height: 1.8-3.6ft/55-110cm (B144)


  • General: 50-200kg (B52)
  • Males: 120-711lbs./54-320kg (B144)
  • Females: 91-273 lbs./ 44-123kg (B144)
  • Average birth wt 0.8-2.6 lbs./350-1200g (B144)
Further Information REPRODUCTION:
  • Sexual Maturity 18 months, rarely as young as 7 months (B144)
  • Mating season: Autumn (B52)
  • Oestrus cycle
  • Ovulation
  • Implantation
  • Gestation 112-130 days (B144); 115 days (B52)
  • Breeding season: Births in spring (B52)
  • Parturition: in a nest of grass (B52)
  • Litter size: 4-8, rarely 1-3 or 9-13 (B144); up to 12 (B52).
  • Development: Remain in nest for about 10 days, then follow mother (B52).
  • Weaning: 3-4 months (B144); about three months (B52).
  • Time between litters.


  • Longevity: 21 years (B144); 15-20 years (B52)
  • Teats: six pairs (B52).


  • Adults: Omnivorous. Wide range of vegetable matter including ferns, leaves, roots, bulbs, fruits, fungi, also insect larvae, earthworms, small vertebrates such as frogs and mice (B52).


  • Feeding: In family groups, forage by rooting in leaf litter and moist earth (B52).
  • Territorialit:
    • Territory 0.2-8.2 square miles/0.5-20 square km (B144).
    • Home range about 25 hectares (61 acres), non-territorial (B52).
  • Sexual: Male courts female (B52).
  • Parental: Juveniles remain with mother after weaning until jus before the next litter is born, and young females may rejoin the mother after she has farrowed (B52).
  • Play & Social Maternal families of 6-20 individuals; in central India up to 170, also bachelor groups and solitary old boars (B52, B144)
  • Predation in wild wolf, tiger, lion, leopard, snow leopard, lynx (B144)
  • Activity: Daylight and twilight (B52)


  • IUCN Listing 1991 - (B51): Vulnerable.


Husbandry notes Adult wild boar are extremely dangerous. Wild casualties should not be approached and assistance should be sought from experts such as wild boar farmers or zoos with experience of keeping these animals.
Published Guidelines linked in Wildpro

Return to Top of Page