Living Organisms / Monera (Bacteria) / Bacteria with Gram negative staining cell-walls / Genus:
Acinetobacter

Bacterial genera and types to have Wildpro links
Morphology and Staining
Genera "type species"
References

Bacterial Species to have Wildpro links

  • Acinetobacter calcoaceticus (B74)

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Morphology and Staining

Shape "Rods becoming spherical in the stationary phase of growth" (B74)
Staining "Gram-negative but occasionally difficult to de-stain" (B74)
Size "0.9-1.6 micrometre diameter." (B74)
"1.5-2.5 micrometre length." (B74)
Spore formation "Do not form spores" (B74)
Motility "Swimming motility does not occur but the cells display "twitching motility" presumably because of the presence of polar fimbrae" (B74)
Growth Temperature "All strains grow between 20 and 30C, with most strains having temperature optima of 33-35C" (B74)
Metabolism "Aerobic - strictly respiratory type of metabolism with oxygen as the terminal electron acceptor." (B74)
Notes Also known as Achromobacter, species of this genera are widespread in the environment, being found in soil, water, sewage, food and milk. They are also part of the normal flora of animals and humans. Acinetobacter spp. are reported to cause nosicomial infections in immunocompromised patients and has been isolated from the blood of sick dogs and have been reported in association with bronchopneumonia in mink. (B21) They have also been reported in association with ducks with arthritis, septicaemia or airsacculitis (J6.10.w3, B32.14.w21) - see Acinetobacter Infection.

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Genera "Type Species"

  • Acinetobacter calcoaceticus (B74)

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Primary References at the level of this taxa
B74 Noel R Krieg and John G Holt
Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology - Volume 1

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