Living Organisms / Monera (Bacteria) / Bacteria with  Gram negative staining cell-walls / Genus:
Citrobacter

Bacterial genera and types to have Wildpro links
Morphology and Staining
Genera "type species"
References

Bacterial Species to have Wildpro links

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Morphology and Staining

Shape "Straight rods" (B74)
Staining "Gram-negative" (B74)
Size "Approx. 1.0 micrometre diameter." (B74)
"2.0-6.0 micrometre length." (B74)
Spore formation "Do not form endospores" (B74)
Motility "Usually motile by peritrichous flagella" (B74)
Growth Temperature "All strains grow between C, with most strains having temperature optima of C" (B74)
Metabolism "Facultatively anaerobic." (B74)
Notes This genus is a member of the bacterial family of "Enterobacteriaceae"- the so-called "Intestinal Bacteria" which includes Citrobacter, Edwardsiella, Escherichia, Enterobacter, Klebsiella, Salmonella, Shigella, Serratia, Proteus, and Yersinia amongst many others. Species included in this group are found worldwide; "in soil, water, fruits, vegetables, grains, flowering plants and trees, and in animals from insects to man." (B74) (B47) (B21) They are susceptible to sunlight, pasteurization, desiccation and common disinfectants They can survive for several months in damp, shady environments such as pastures, manure, bedding etc.. (B88)

Citrobacter spp. occur in the faeces of clinically normal animals and also in water, sewage, soil and food - their role seems to be as opportunistic pathogens. (B74)

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Genera "Type Species"

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Primary References at the level of this taxa

Genus Author

Suzanne Boardman
B88 Dwight C Hirsh and Yuan Chuang Zee
Veterinary Microbiology
B21 P J Quinn, M E Carter, B Markey, G R Carter
Clinical Veterinary Microbiology
B74 Noel R Krieg and John G Holt
Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology - Volume 1

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