Living Organisms / Monera (Bacteria) / Bacteria with Gram negative staining cell-walls / Escherichia / Species:
Escherichia coli
Summary Information
Morphology, Staining and Metabolism information at genera level (Escherichia)

(Classification of bacterial species is an evolving discipline. The information in Wildpro has been carefully referenced to the source material, as far as possible. Readers requiring further clarification should consult the source materials and more recent publications. Classification information in Wildpro will be altered when clear and scientifically endorsed new information regarding taxonomic divisions becomes available to us.

This section is currently predominantly used in Wildpro to link different data types and demonstrate inter-relationships. It does not contain detailed information on the bacteria species itself.)

Common synonyms --
Notes

Occurs as part of the normal flora in the lower part of the intestine of warm-blooded animals. It is usually absent from the intestines of fish and other poikilotherms." (B74) (B47) (B88) It is usually more prevalent in the large intestine and lower small intestine; and is more numerous in carnivores and omnivores in than herbivores. (B21) This bacteria is used as a indicator of water quality - the number of bacteria being taken to relate to the level of faecal pollution. (B21)

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Associated Diseases linked in Wildpro
Pathogenic strains are particularly associated with disease of the intestine (colibacillosis) and septicaemias of neonates and young animals; with respiratory tract disease of poultry; mastitis of cattle; bacteraemia of lambs; oedema disease of pigs; general opportunistic "secondary infections". Primary contaminant source is through faeces. (B47) (B88)

Type O78 is particularly associated with Colibacillosis in Waterfowl.

Associated Waterfowl Diseases Amyloidosis (Amyloid degeneration, Reactive amyloidosis, Secondary amyloidosis) Waterfowl Disease Summary Deposits of amyloid in body tissues.
Waterfowl in which the disease has been recorded.
Neonatal Septicaemia (Neonatal septicemia) Waterfowl Disease Summary Acute, overwhelming and rapidly fatal disease of hatchlings,due to infection with any of a variety of bacteria. Particularly associated with crowding and/or poor hygiene.
Waterfowl in which the disease has been recorded. Species not specified.
Bumblefoot (Pododermatitis, Chronic arthritis-synovitis) Waterfowl Disease Summary Inflammation and bacterial infection of the connective tissues of the foot, linked to abrasive surfaces.
Waterfowl in which the disease has been recorded.
Colibacillosis (Escherichia coli septicaemia, Escherichia coli septicemia, E. coli septicaemia, Coli bacillosis, Colisepticaemia, Colisepticemia) Waterfowl Disease Summary Localized and systemic diseases caused by Escherichia coli, including acute, frequently fatal septicaemic infection (particularly of neonatal birds), salpingitis in domestic ducks and geese, and sinusitis.
Waterfowl in which the disease has been recorded.
Omphalitis / Yolk Sacculitis (Infected yolk sac, Yolk infection, Omphophlebitis, Yolk sacculitis) Waterfowl Disease Summary Bacterial infection of the yolk sac and/or umbilical area. May lead to, and is predisposed by, yolk sac retention.
Waterfowl in which the disease has been recorded.
Egg Peritonitis (Egg Yolk Peritonitis, Egg-related Septic Peritonitis) Waterfowl Disease Summary Inflammation of the oviduct secondary to egg retention or egg rupture.
Waterfowl in which the associated disease has been recorded.
Mid-incubation Embryonic Death Waterfowl Disease Summary Death of the embryo in the middle period of incubation. 
Waterfowl in which the associated disease has been recorded. Species not specified.
Salpingitis (Oviduct Infection, Oviduct Inflammation) Waterfowl Disease Summary Inflammation of the oviduct, usually associated with infection, sometimes with associated peritonitis.
Waterfowl in which the disease has been recorded. Domestic ducks and domestic geese
Dead-in-Shell Waterfowl Disease Summary Embryos are fairly fully-formed but die shortly before or during the hatching process begins.
Waterfowl in which the associated disease has been recorded.
  • Species not specified.
Early Embryonic Death (Early Embryonic mortalitity) Waterfowl Disease Summary
  • Death early in incubation, usually considered to be within the first week of incubation or the first third of incubation.
  • Eggs may apprear to be "clear" i.e. no development detected, or may show a "blood ring". If incubated for some time they may be addled.

(J23.29.w1, B42, B106, B116.11.w2)

Waterfowl in which the associated disease has been recorded.
  • Species not specified.
Mid-incubation Embryonic Death Waterfowl Disease Summary Death of the embryo in the middle period of incubation. 
Waterfowl in which the associated disease has been recorded.
  • Species not specified.

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Antibiotic Use and Resistance
Resistance frequently encountered in intensive systems. Sensitivity testing must be used to support the choice of antimicrobial used. (B47)
Listed Antibiotics recorded as having efficacy
  • Gentamycin (B88)
  • Amikacin (B88)
  • Trimethoprim-sulfonamides (B88)
  • Ceftiofur (B88)
  • Amoxycillin (B47)
  • Ampicillin (B47)
  • Apramycin (B47)
  • Chloramphenicol (B47)
  • Furazolidone (B47)
  • Kanamycin (B47)
  • Spectinomycin (B47)
  • Streptomycin (B47)
  • Sulfonamides (B47)
  • Tetracycline (B47)
  • Trimethoprim (B47)
Listed Antibiotics recorded as RESISTANCE In some areas, organism may be resistant to several of the above. Particularly:
  • Tetracyclines (B88)
  • Streptomycin (B88)
  • Sulfonamides (B88)
  • Ampicillin (B88)
  • Kanamycin (B88)

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References for Bacterial Species

Species Author

Suzanne Boardman
B47 John F Timoney, James H Gillespie, Fredric W Scott, Jeffrey E Barlough
Hagan and Bruner's Microbiology and Infectious Diseases of Domestic Animals - Eight Edition
B88 Dwight C Hirsh and Yuan Chuang Zee
Veterinary Microbiology
B21 P J Quinn, M E Carter, B Markey, G R Carter
Clinical Veterinary Microbiology
B74 Noel R Krieg and John G Holt
Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology - Volume 1

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