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< >  Living Organisms / Animalia / Mandibulata / Hexapoda / Order:
Diptera
Flies:

Families mentioned in Wildpro

Nematocera
  • Overall appearance
    • Typically small and relatively delicate. (B504)
  • Adult Head
    • Long, many-segmented antennae; individual segments are similar to each other, like "beads on a string". (B502, B504)
    • Antennae never bears a style or arista (bristle borne on antennae of some flies B73). (B502)
    • Palpi are usually four or five segmented. (B502)
  • Larval Head
    • Well-developed heads. (B502)
    • Opposable mandibles. (B502)
  • Habitat
    • Generally breed in aquatic or semi-aquatic environments and larvae have appendages for breathing, swimming and gathering food in the water. (B504)
  • Feeding
    • Only females feed on blood. (B504)
    • Males feed mainly on nectar. (B504)
Brachycera
  • Tabanidae - Horse flies, Clegs, Deer-flies etc.
  • Rhagionidae - Snipe flies
  • Overall appearance
    • Many species are large and conspicuous. (B502)
  • Adult Head
    • Some species have a "beak". (B502)
    • Antennae are shorter than the thorax. (B502)
    • Antennae in three segments; the terminal segment has a terminal style or arista (bristle borne on antennae of some flies B73). (B502)
    • Palpi have one or two segments and project forwards. (B502)
  • Larval Head
    • Incomplete head which is usually retractile. (B502)
    • Mandibles bite vertically. (B502)
Cyclorrhapha
  • Overall appearance
    • Large group of flies with variable general appearance. (B502)
  • Adult Head
    • Three-segmented antennae with style or arista (bristle borne on antennae of some flies B73) carried dorsally on the last segment. (B502)
    • Palpi have a single segment. (B502)
  • Larval Head
    • Larvae are headless maggots
    • Sclerotized mouth hooks work side by side in a vertical plane. (B502)
  • Larval Development
    • Pupa formed within last larval skin. This is sloughed from the pupa without being discarded and forms the hard outer case of the pupa (the puparium). (B502)

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General Features

NOTES:

(B504)

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Primary References at the level of this taxa
B114 Miriam Rothschild and Theresa Clay
Fleas, Flukes and Cuckoos - A Study of Bird Parasites
B46 G M Urquhart, J Armour, J L Duncan, A M Dunn, F W Jennings
Veterinary Parasitology: Second Edition
B73 Eleanor Lawrence
Henderson's Dictionary of Biological Terms, 11th Edition
B24 E J L Soulsby
Helminths, Arthropods and Protozoa of Domesticated Animals: Seventh Edition
B80 Michael Allaby
Oxford Dictionary of Zoology
B79 Lynn Margulis and Karlene V Schwartz
Five Kingdoms - An Illustrated Guide to the Phyla of Life on Earth, 3rd Edition
B502 Kenneth G.V. Smith
Insects and Other Arthropods of Medical Importance

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