Waterfowl Diseases

CONTENTS / Waterfowl Module Contents:
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This list page enables you to scroll down the diseases of waterfowl; the diseases are grouped together with similar diseases e.g. all vitamin deficiencies are in the group "Micro-nutrient (Vitamin / Mineral) Diseases", and arranged by alphabetical order within the groups.

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Viral Diseases of Waterfowl

DISEASE (Synonyms)

CAUSAL ORGANISMS / AGENTS (Synonyms)

Adenovirus Infection (Egg drop syndrome 76 (EDS-76), Haemagglutinating adenovirus infection, Avian adenovirus 127 infection, Muscovy duck adenovirus infection)
Avian Encephalomyelitis (Epidemic tremor)
Avian Influenza (Fowl pest, Fowl plague, Avian influenza A)
Avian Pox (Poxvirus infection, Fowl pox, Contagious epithelioma, Avian diphtheria (‘wet’ form of avian pox), Molluscum contagiosum, Geflugelpocken, Virula aviare, Variole aviare)
Duck Hepatitis B Infection ( Duck Hepatitis B Virus Infection, DHBV Infection)
Duck Plague (Duck virus enteritis, DVE, Anatid herpesvirus infection, Avian herpesvirus type 2 infection, Peste du canard, L’entérite ŕ virus du canard, Eendenpest, Entenpest)
  • Herpesviridae: Duck Enteritis Virus (Duck enteritis herpesvirus (DEHV), Duck enteritis virus (DEV), Duck plague virus, Anatid Herpesvirus, Avian herpesvirus 2)
Duck Viral Hepatitis Type 1
Duck Viral Hepatitis Type 2
Duck Viral Hepatitis Type 3
Eastern Equine Encephalitis (Eastern encephalitis, Eastern equine encephalomyelitis, Eastern encephalomyelitis, EEE, EE)
Goose Parvovirus Infection (Derzsy's Disease, Parvovirus infection of geese, Parvovirus infection of Muscovy ducks, Muscovy duck parvovirus, Goose viral hepatitis, Goose influenza, ‘so-called goose influenza, Goose plague, Gosling plague, Goose enteritis, Infectious myocarditis, Ascitic-hepato-nephritis)
Miscellaneous Arbovirus Infections (St. Louis Encephalitis Infection (SLE) (J1.28.w6), Ockelbo Virus Infection (J1.29.w4), Sindbis Infection and Murray Valley Encephalitis Infection (J24.49.w2).)
Muscovy Duck Parvovirus infection (Muscovy duck disease)
Newcastle Disease (Newcastle's Disease, ND, Paramyxovirus-1 infection, VVND (viscerotropic velogenic Newcastle disease), NVND (neurotropic velogenic Newcastle disease))
Rabies
Reovirus Infection (Infection Myocarditis of Geese, Myocarditis Virus Infection of Geese, Muscovy Duck Reovirus Infection.)
Reticuloendotheliosis (Duck Infectious Anaemia Virus Infection, Spleen Necrosis Virus Infection)
  • Retroviridae: Avian Reticuloendotheliosis virus (Duck infectious anaemia virus, Spleen necrosis virus, Twiehaus-strain reticuloendotheliosis virus, C-type retrovirus Reticuloendotheliosis Virus Hungary-2 (REV-H-2))
Transmissible Bursal Disease Agent not identified - presumed viral.
Western Equine Encephalitis (Western encephalitis, Western equine encephalomyelitis, Western encephalomyelitis, WEE, WE)
West Nile Virus disease (West Nile Fever, WNV Disease, West Nile, West Nile enteritis, West Nile viral enteritis, Near Eastern equine encephalitis, Lourdige)

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Bacterial Diseases of Waterfowl

DISEASE (Synonyms)

CAUSAL ORGANISMS / AGENTS (Synonyms)

Acinetobacter Infection
Actinobacillus Infection
Aeromonas Infection
Anatipestifer Infection (New duck disease, Riemerella anatipestifer infection, Pasteurella anatipestifer infection, Moraxella anatipestifer infection, Duck septicaemia, Anatipestifer syndrome, Anatipestifer septicaemia, Infectious serositis, Goose influenza, Septicemia anserum exsudativa)
  • Riemerella anatipestifer (Pasteurella anatipestifer, Moraxella anatipestifer, Pfeifferella anatipestifer, Cytophaga anatipestifer.)
Anthrax (Milzbrand (German), Charbon (French).)
Avian Cholera (Fowl Cholera, Avian Pasteurellosis, Avian Haemorrhagic Septicemia, Pasteurella multocida Infection.)
Avian Tuberculosis (Avian TB, Mycobacteriois, Tuberculosis, TB)
  • Mycobacterium avium-intracellulare complex (MAIC, Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC), MAI Complex, Mycobacterium avium- Mycobacterium intracellulare Complex, Mycobacterium avium, Avian tubercle bacillus; Mycobacterium intracellulare; Battey bacillus Nocardia intracellularis, Mycobacterium intracellularis)
Borreliosis (Goose septicaemia, Spirochetosis, Fowl Spirochetosis, Avian Spirochaetosis)
Campylobacter Infection (Campylobacteriosis)
Chlamydiosis / Psittacosis (Ornithosis)
Citrobacter Infection
  • Citrobacter freundii (Escherichia freundii, Colobactrum freundii, Paracolobactrum intermedium, Salmonella ballerup, Salmonella hormaechei, Bacterium freundii)
Colibacillosis (Escherichia coli septicaemia, Escherichia coli septicemia, E. coli septicaemia, Coli bacillosis, Colisepticaemia, Colisepticemia)
Erysipelothrix infection (Erysipelas Infection, Erysipelothrix, Erysipelas, Diamond skin disease (Pigs))
  • Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae (Bacillus rhusiopathiae-suis, Bacterium arysipelatos-suum, Bacterium rhusiopathiae, Erysipelothrix insidiosa, Swine rotlauf bacillus.)
Flavobacterium Infection
Fowl Typhoid (Salmonella gallinarum Infection)
Goose gonorrhoea Agent not fully identified - Neisseria-like organism, possibly a mycoplasma (B15).
Listeriosis (Listeric infection, Circling disease, Listeria monocytogenes Infection)
Mycoplasma Infection (Mycoplasmal sinusitis, Mycoplasmal tenosynovitis, Mycoplasmal air-sacculitis, Acholeplasma Infection)
Necrotising Enteritis (Haemorrhagic enteritis, Necrotic enteritis, Necrohaemorrhagic enteritis, Clostridial enteritis, 'Rot gut')
  • Clostridium perfringens (Bacillus perfringens, Bacterium welchii, Clostridium welchii, Bacillus aerogenes capsulatus)
Neonatal Septicaemia (Neonatal septicemia)
Omphalitis / Yolk Sacculitis (Infected yolk sac, Yolk infection, Omphophlebitis, Yolk sacculitis)
Proteus Infection
Pseudomonas Infection
Pullorum Disease (Salmonella pullorum Infection , Bacillary white diarrhoea)
Salmonellosis (Salmonella Infection, Keel Disease, Paratyphoid Infection, Paratyphoid)
Staphylococcosis (Staphylococcus Infection, Infective Arthritis, Staphylococcal septicaemia, Staphylococcal blood poisoning)
Streptococcosis (Streptococcal Infection, Streptococcus Infection)
Vibriosis (Vibrio cholerae infection, Vibrio metchnikovi infection)
Yersiniosis (Yersinia pseudotuberculosis, Pasteurella pseudotuberculosis)
  • Yersinia pseudotuberculosis (Bacillus tuberculosis, Bacterium pseudotuberculosis rodentium, Corynebacterium rodentium, Pasteurella pseudotuberculosis)

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Fungal / Algal Diseases of Waterfowl

DISEASE (Synonyms)

CAUSAL ORGANISMS / AGENTS (Synonyms)

Aspergillosis (Brooder pneumonia, Pseudotuberculosis, "Asper" mycosis, Mycotic pneumonia.)
Candidiasis (Candida infection, Thrush, Crop mycosis, Moniliasis, Sour crop)
Favus (Fowl favus, Avian ringworm, White comb, Trichophyton gallinae infection, Microsporum gallinae infection)
Intracellular Yeast-like Organism Infection (Haemoproteus infection, Intracellular spore-forming bacterium infection) Agent not yet identified.
Phycomycosis (Zygomycosis, Mucormycosis, Phycomycotic infection)
Rhinosporidiosis

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PARASITIC Diseases of Waterfowl
Roundworms
, Acanthocephalans, Tapeworms & Flukes

DISEASE

CAUSAL ORGANISMS / AGENT(S)

Acanthocephala Infection (Acanthocephaliasis, Thorny-headed worm infection )
Ascarida (Ascarid) Infection (Intestinal Nematode Infection)
  • Ascaridia galli (Ascaris "teres", Ascaris galli, Ascaris gallopavonis, Fusaria inflexa, Ascaris inflexa, Ascaridia inflexa, Heterakis inflexa, Fusaria strumosa, Ascaris perspicillum, Ascaridia perspicillum, Ascaris gibbosa, Heterakis perspicillum, Ascaris perspicillum, Ascaris funiculus, Heterakis lineata, Ascaridia lineata, Heterakis compressa, Ascaridia compressa, Heterakis brasiliensis, Ascaridia brasiliensis, Heterakis styphlocerca, Ascaridia styphlocerca, Heterakis granulosa, Ascaridia granulosa, Ascaridia magalhaesi, Ascaridia hamia, Ascaridia anseris, Ascaridia compar, Ascaridia sinensis.)
Avioserpens Infection (Subcutaneous Worm Infection, Guinea worm Infection)
Capillariasis (Capillaria infection)
  • Capillaria anatis (Eucoleus contorta, Trichosoma contortum, Thomix contorta, Capillaria vanelli, Capillaria annulata, Trichocephalus anatis, Trichosoma anatis, Thominx anatis, Capillaria tumida,Capillaria semiteres, Hamularia nodulosa, Trichocephalus capillaris, Trichosoma brevicolle, Trichosoma longicolle, Trichosoma resectum, Trichosoma collare, Capillaria collare, Echinocoelus collare, Thominx collaris, Orthothominx collaris, Trichosoma dubium, Trichosoma retusum, Capillaria corvorum, Cappilaria uruguayensis, Thominx uruguayensis)
  • Capillaria contorta (Eucoleus contorta, Trichosoma contortum, Thomix contorta, Capillaria vanelli, Trichosoma dispar, Trichosoma trilobar, Trichosoma longicolle, Trichosoma obtusiusculum, Capillaria perforans, Eucoleus perforans, Thomix perforans, Capillaria lophortygis, Eucoleus lophortygis, Capillaria triloba, Eucoleus raillieti, Thomix raillieti, Capillaria raillieti)
Cestode Infection (Tapeworm infection, Dwarf tapeworm infection)
  • Aploparaksis furcigera (Taenia furcigera, Dicranotaenia, furcigera, Diplacanthus furcigera, Dilepis furcigera, Hymenolepis furcigera, Drepanidotaenia furcigera, Taenia lineata, Taenia anatis lineata, Taenia trilineata, Taenia rhomboidea, Dicranotaenia rhomboidea, Aploparaksis rhomboidea, Taenia conica, Taenia caecalis, Aploparaksis pseudofurcigera, Haploparaxis japonensis)
  • Cotugnia fastigata
  • Diorchis nyrocae (Diorchis skrjabini,Schillerius skrjabini, Diorchis abuladze, Haploparaxis stefanskii)
  • Fimbriaria fasciolaris (Taenia anatis, Taenia fasciolaris, Taenia malleus Alyselminthis malleus, Fimbriaria malleus, Halysis malleus, Fimbriaria mitra, Taenia pediformis, Epision plicatus, Notobothrium arcticum, Fimbriaria plana)
  • Gastrotaenia cygni (Gastrotaenia dogieli, Apora dogieli)
  • Hymenolepis collaris (Taenia collari, Taenia collaris, Weinlandia collaris, Microsomacanthus collaris, Dicranotaenia collaris, Sobolevicanthus collaris, Myxolepis collaris, Myxacanthus collaris, Taenia torquata, Halysis torquata, Taenia breviarticulata, Alyselminthus sinuosa, Halysis sinuosa, Taenia sinuosa, Hymenolepis inuata, Drepanidotaenia sinuosa, Taenia infundibuliformis, Taenia anserum, Taenia bairdii)
  • Hymenolepis compressa (Taenia compressa, Microsomacanthus compressa, Hymenolepis megarostellis, Hymenolepis solowiowi, Nadejdolepis solowiowi)
  • Hymenolepis coronula (Taenia coronula, Dicranotaenia coronula, Drepanidotaenia coronula, Diplacanthus coronula, Lepidotrias coronula, Weinlandia coronula, Hymenolepis megalhystera, Hymenolepis querquedula, Weinlandia querquedula, Dicranotaenia introversa, Weinlandia introversa, Hymenolepis introversa, Dicranotaenia macrostrobiloides, Hymenolepis macrostrobiloides, Weinlandia macrostrobiloides, Hymenolepis sacciperium, Dicranotaenia sacciperium, Hymenolepis anceps, Hymenolepis mergi, Dicranotaenia mergi, Dicranotaenia deglandii, Hymenolepis parvisaccata, Dicranotaenia parvisaccata, Hymenolepis apcaris, Dicranotaenia kutassi, Dicranotaenia pseudocoronula, Hymenolepis makundi, Hymenolepis cameroni)
  • Hymenolepis lanceolata (Taenia anseris, Taenia acutissima, Taenia lanceolata, Taenia lanceola. Hyalysis lanceolata, Dilepis lanceolata, Drepanidotaenia lanceolata, Diplacanthus Lanceolata, Taenia anserum, Hymenolepis anserum, Drepanidotaenia lobata)
  • Hymenolepis megalops (Cloacotaenia megalops, Taenia anatis-marilae, Taenia megalops, Drepanidotaenia megalops, Weinlandia megalops, Orlovilepis megalops, Taenia cylindrica, Lallum magniparuterina)
  • Hymenolepis tenuirostris (Taenia tenuirostris, Drepanidotaenia tenuirostris, Diplacanthus tenuirostris, Dilepis tenuirostris, Microsomacanthus tenuirostris, Monosaccanthes tenuirostris, Taenia krabbei, Taenia conscripta, Hymenolepis tritesticulata, Weinlandia tenuirostris, Drepanidotaenia tenuirostris, Microsomacanthus tenuirostris)
Contracaecum (Ascarid) Infection (Intestinal Nematode Infection)
  • Contracaecum spiculigerum (Ascaris spiculigera, Ascaris variegata, Ascaris mergorum, Ascaris colyborum, Ascaris siluri, Contracaecum siluri, Contracaecum trukestanicum, Contracaecum umiu, Contracaecum himeu)
Cyathocotyl bushiensis (Intestinal Fluke) Infection
Echinuriasis (Acuariasis) (Acuariasis, Acuaria infection, Echinuria infection, Proventricular worm infection)
  • Echinuria spp.
  • Echinuria uncinata (Spiroptera uncinata, Filaria uncinata, Dispharagus uncinatus, Acuaria uncinata, Hamannia uncinata, Echinuria jugadornata, Echinuria cygni.)
Eustrongylides Infection (Eustrongylidiasis)
  • Eustrongylides mergorum (Stongylus mergorum, Spiroptera inflata, Tropidocerca inflata, Tropidurus inflatus, Tetrameres inflata, Microtetrameres inflata, Stongylus papillosis, Stongylus elegans, Hystrichis elegans, Eustrongyloides elegans, Stongylus tubifex, Tropidocerca paradoxa)
  • Eustrongylides papillosus (Stongylus papillosus, Eustrongylus papillosus, Hystrichis papillosus)
  • Eustrongylides tubifex (Stongylus papillosus, Eustrongylus papillosus, Hystrichis papillosus)
Gapeworm Infection (Tracheal worm infection, Cyathastomiasis, Syngamus infection, Cyathostoma infection)
Gizzard Worm Infection (Stomach worm infection, Ventricular nematodiasis, Amidostomiasis, Ventricular worm infection)
  • Amidostomum acutum (Strongylus acutus, Strongylus monodon, Amidostomum monodon, Sclerostoma monodon, Amidostomum chevreuxi, Amidostomum skrjabini, Amidostomum anatinum, Amidostomum fuligulae, Amidostomum biziurae, Amidostomum boschadis, Amidostomum orientale)
  • Amidostomum anseris (Ascaris mucronata, Strongylus mucronata, Strongylus anseris, Strongylus nodulosus, Amidostomum nodulosum, Strongylus nodularis, Trichostrongylus nodularis, Spiroptera uncinata, Strongylus monodon, Sclerostomum mucronatum, Sclerostomum anseris, Amidostomum leucopareiae)
  • Amidostomum cygni (Amidostomum similis)
  • Amidostomum spatulatum
  • Epomidiostomum crami
  • Epomidiostomum orispinum (Strongylus anseris, Strongylus orispinus, Epomidiostomum skrjabin, Epomidiostomum vogelsangi)
  • Epomidiostomum uncinatum (Strongylus uncinatus, Epomidiostomum anatinum)
Heartworm (Sarconema) Infection (Sarconema eurycerca infection, Filariasis)
Heterakis (Ascarid) Infection (Caecal worm infection, Cecal worm infection, Heterakiosis)
  • Heterakis dispar (Ascaris dispar, Fusaria dispar, Ganguleterakis dispar, Strongylus acuticaudata, Heterakis caudata, Ganguleterakis caudata, Raillietakis caudata, Heterakis circumvallata, Ganguleterakis circumvallata, Raillietakis circumvallata, Heterakis chenonettae, Heterakis hyperborea, Ganguleterakis hyperboreus, Heterakis hyperboreus, Heterakis papillosa, Heterakis stylosa, Heterakis altaica, Heterakis tenuicaudata)
  • Heterakis gallinarum (Ascarides teretes, Heterakis gallinarum, Ascaris gallinae, Ascaris papillosa, Heterakis papillosa, Ascaris phasiani, Ascaris vesicularis, Fusaria reflexa, Ascaris undulosa-striata, Heterakis longecaudata, Heterakis parisi, Heterakis pediocetes)
Hystrichus tricolor Infection (Proventricular nematode infection)
  • Hystrichis tricolor (Spiroptera tricolor, Strongylus anatis, Strongylus tubifex, Eustrongylus tubiflex, Hystrichis tubiflex, Spiroptera tadornae, Hystrichis orispinus, Hystrichis wedli, Hystrichis neglectus, Hystrichis varispinosus)
Intestinal Fluke Infestation (Intestinal trematode infection, Echinoparyphium recurvatum infection, Echinostomum revolutum infection, Notocotylus spp infection)
  • Apatemon gracilis (Amphistoma gracile, Holostomum gracile, Strigea gracilis, Apatemon gracilis, Tetracotyle gracilis, Holostomum variabile, Holostomum variegatum, Apatemon graciliformis, Cercaria helvetica, Apatemon parvitestis, Apatemon japonicus, Apatemon pellucidus, Cercaria longiremis, Cercaria icnusae, Cercaria pseudoburti, Cercaria okobojensis, Cercaria wansoni)
  • Echinoparyphium recurvatum (Distoma recurvatum, Echinostoma recurvatum, Echinoparyphium koidzumii, Echinostoma aegyptiaca)
  • Echinostoma revolutum (Echinosomum revolutum, Fasciola revoluta, Distoma anatis fuscae, Festucaria anatis, Fasciola anatis, Distoma anatis, Distoma echinatum, Echinostoma echinatum,Distoma dilatatum, Echinostoma dilatatum, Distoma cygni oloris, Distoma fulgulae ferinae, Distomum armatum, Echinostoma oxycephalum, Echinostoma mendax, Echinostoma paraulum, Echinostoma echinocephalum, Echinostoma sudanense, Echinostoma acuticauda, Echinostoma armigerum, Echinostoma coalitum, Echinostoma callawayensis, Echinostoma limicoli, Echinostoma cinetorchis, Echinostoma erraticum, Echinostoma microrchis, Echinostoma neglectum, Echinostoma nephrocystis, Echinostoma columbae, Echinostoma miyagawai, Echinostoma robustum, Echinostoma multispinosus, Cercaria trivolvis)
  • Hypoderaeum conoideum (Cuculanus conoideus, Distomum conoideum, Echinostoma conoideum, Hypoderaeum conoideu, Fascoila appendiculata, Distoma oxycephalum, Distoma froelichii, Opisthorchis pianae, Psilochasmus lecithosus, Hypoderaeum sinensis, Hypoderaeum magnocirrusa)
  • Notocotylus attenuatus
  • Zygocotyle lunata (Amphistoma lunatum, Chiorchis lunatus, Zygocotyle ceratosa, Cercaria poconensis, Solenorchis travassosi, Zygocotyle ceratosa)
Microfilarial Infection
Ocular Fluke Infection (Philophthalmus gralli infection, Oriental eyefluke infection, Ocular trematode infection)
Ocular Nematode Infection (Conjunctival nematodiasis, Conjunctival worm infestation, Oxyspirura mansoni infection)
  • Oxyspirura mansoni (Filaria mansoni, Spiroptera mansoni, Yorkeispirura mansoni, MIcrofilaria seguini, Oxyspirura parvovum)
Porrocaecum (Ascarid) Infection (Intestinal Nematode Infection)
  • Porrocaecum crassum (Ascaris crassa)
  • Porrocaecum ensicaudatum (Fusaria ensicaudata, Ascaris ensicaudata, Ascaris turdi, Ascaris teres, Ascaris sturni, Ascaris cornicis, Ascaris corvi, Fusaria crenata, Fusaria lancea, Ascaris corvi, Spiroptera turdi)
Prosthogonimus (Cloacal Fluke) Infection (Oviduct Fluke Infection)
Renal Fluke Infection (Renicola somateriae Infection)
Schistosomiasis (Vascular Fluke Infection) (Schistosome Infection, Trichobilharzia infection, Dendritobilharzia infection)
Sphaeridiotrema (Intestinal Fluke) Infection (Trematode-induced ulcerative haemorrhagic enteritis, Trematode infection)
Streptocariasis (Streptocara infection)
Tetrameres Infection
  • Tetrameres americana (Tetrameres confusa, Tropisurus americana)
  • Tetrameres crami (Tropisurus crami, Petrowimeres crami)
  • Tetrameres fissispina (Tropidocerca fissispina, Tropisurus fissispina, Petrowimeres fissispina, Acanthophorus tenuis, Tropidocerca tenuis, Acanthophorus horridus, Filaria pulicis, Spiroptera pulicis.)
Tracheal Fluke Infection (Orchipedum tracheicola infection, Typhlocoelum infection,Tracheophilus infection)
  • Hyptiasmus arcuatus (Hyptiasmus tumitus, Monostoma arcuatum, Cyclocoelum arcuatum, Hyptiasmus arcuatum, Hyptiasmus laevigatus, Hyptiasmus tumidus, Hyptiasmus oculeus, Transcoelum oculeum, Hyptiasmus magnus, Stossichium magnum, Hyptiasmus coelonodus, Transcoelum sigillum, Hypatiasmus sigillum, Hyptiasmus magniproles, Hyptiasmus theodori, Ophthalmophagus theodori
  • Orchipedum tracheicola
  • Typhlocoelum cucumerinum (Distoma cucumerium, Monostoma cucumerium, Monostoma sarcidiornicola, Monostoma flavum, Typhlocoelum flavum, Typhlocoelum sarcidiornicola, Typhlultimum sarcidiornicola, Tracheophilus sarcidiornicola, Monostoma cymbium, Typhlocoelum obovale , Typhlocoelum reticulare, Typhlocoelum americanum, Typhlocoelum gambense, Typhlocoelum shovellus, Typhlophilus shovellus)
  • Typhlocoelum sisowi (Typhlocoelum cymbium, Typhlocoelum cymbius, Haematotrephus cymbius, Tracheophilus cymbium, Tracheophilus cymbius, Typhlocoelum cucumerinum cymbium,Typhlocoelum cucumerinum americanum, Typhlocoelum hepaticum)
Trichostrongylus Infection (Trichostrongyliasis)
  • Trichostrongylus tenuis (Strongylus tenuis, Strongylus pergracilis, Trichostrongylus pergracilis, Strongylus serratus)

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PARASITIC Diseases of Waterfowl
Leeches, Pentastomes & Crustacea

DISEASE (Synonyms)

CAUSAL ORGANISMS / AGENTS (Synonyms)

Leech Infection (Duck leech infestation, Nasal leech infestation)

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PARASITIC Diseases of Waterfowl
Insects, Mites & Ticks

DISEASE (Synonyms)

CAUSAL ORGANISMS / AGENTS (Synonyms)

Air Sac Mite Infection (Cytodites nudus infection)
Feather Lice Infection (Chewing Lice Infection, Mallophaga Infection)
Feather Mite Infection
Fowl Tick Infection (Argas persicus infection)
Myiasis (Fly larvae infestation, Maggot infestation)
Nasal Mite Infection (Rhinonyssus Infection)
Simulium Infection (Black-fly infestation)
Subcutaneous Mite Infection (Laminosioptes cysticola infestation)
Chiggers (Trombiculiasis) (In Waterfowl, Hedgehogs and Bears) (Chiggers Infection, Chiggers)

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PARASITIC Diseases of Waterfowl
Single-celled - Protozoa

DISEASE (Synonyms)

CAUSAL ORGANISMS / AGENTS (Synonyms)

Avian Malaria (Plasmodium Infection, Haematozoan Infection, Hemosporidian Infection)
  • Plasmodium spp. (Plasmodium circumflexum, Plasmodium elongatum, Plasmodium lophurae, Plasmodium relictum, Plasmodium praecox, Plasmodium vaughani)
  • Culiseta spp. (Vectors)
Cryptosporidiosis (Cryptosporidium sp. infection)
Chylomastix gallinarum (Flagellate) Infection
Haemoproteus Infection (Plasmodium Infection, Haematozoan Infection, Hemosporidian Infection)
Intestinal coccidiosis (Coccidiosis, Coccidiasis, Eimeria Infection)
  • Eimeria spp. (Eimeria abramovi, Eimeria anatis, Eimeria anseris, Eimeria aythyae, Eimeria battakhi, Eimeria brantae, Eimeria bucephalae, Eimeria clarkei, Eimeria crassa, Eimeria danailovi, Eimeria farra, Eimeria fulva, Eimeria hermani, Eimeria koganae, Eimeria kotlani, Eimeria krylovi, Eimeria magnalabia, Eimeria mulardi, Eimeria nocens, Eimeria nyroca, Eimeria parvula, Eimeria pulchella, Eimeria saitamae, Eimeria schachdagica, Eimeria stigmosa, Eimeria striata, Eimeria truncata) 
  • Isospora spp. (Isospora anseris, Isospora mandari)
  • Tyzzeria spp. (Tyzzeria alleni, Tyzzeria chenicusae, Tyzzeria pellerdyi, Tyzzeria perniciosa, Tyzzeria parvula)
  • Wenyonella spp. (Wenyonella anatis, Wenyonella gagari, Wenyonella pellerdyi, Wenyonella philiplevinei)
Leucocytozoonosis (Leucocytozoon infection, Hemosporidian Infection, Haematozoan Infection)
Renal Coccidiosis (Renal coccidial infection)
  • Eimeria spp. (Eimeria boschadis, Eimeria christianseni, Eimeria somateriae, Eimeria truncata)
Sarcocystosis (Sarcosporidiosis, Rice-breast disease, Sarcocystis sp. Infection.)
Toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii Infection)
Trichomoniasis (Flagellate Infection) (Trichomonas infection)
Trypanosomiasis (Trypanosome Infection)

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TOXIC Diseases of Waterfowl
Biotoxins

DISEASE (Synonyms)

CAUSAL ORGANISMS / AGENTS (Synonyms)

Aflatoxicosis (Mycotoxicosis) (Mycotoxicity, aflatoxicosis, groundnut poisoning, fusariotoxicosis, fusariotoxin poisoning, fusariomycotoxicosis, trichothecene mycotoxicosis, T-2 toxicosis, vomitoxicosis, zearalenone toxicosis, ergotism.)
Avian Botulism (Limberneck, Western duck sickness, Duck disease, Alkali poisoning)
Blue-Green Algae Toxicity (Cyanobacteria toxicosis, Phycotoxicosis, algal toxicosis)
Castor Bean Toxicity (Castor Bean Poisoning, Ricin Toxicity, Castorbean Toxicity, Castorbean Poisoning)
  • Ricinus communis - Castor bean (Toto ni vavalagi, Maskerekur, lama palagi, uluchul skoki, agaliya, castor bean.)
Citrinin Toxicity (Mycotoxicosis)
Dinoflagellate Toxicity (Marine dinoflagellate toxicity, Dinoflagellate poisoning, Paralytic shellfish poisoning, Red Tide)
  • Gonyaulax spp. (Gonyaulax tamarensis, Alexandrium tamarensis, Protogonyaulax tamarensis)
  • Gymnodinium spp. (Gymnodinium breve, Ptychodiscus breve)
Ergotism (St. Anthony's fire)
Fumonisin Toxicity (Mycotoxicosis) (Equine leukoencephalomalacia, Porcine pulmonary oedema syndrome)
Fusariotoxicosis (Mycotoxicosis) (Fusariotoxin poisoning, Trichothecene mycotoxicosis, T-2 toxicosis, Vomitotoxicosis, Zearalenone toxicosis)
Lettuce Narcosis
Toxin type unclear.
Lily of the Valley Poisoning (Convallaria majalis Toxicity)
Moniliformin Toxicity (Mycotoxicosis)
Nightshade Poisoning (Black Nightshade Poisoning, Garden Nightshade Poisoning)
Ochratoxicosis (Mycotoxicosis)
Oleander poisoning (Oleander Toxicity)
Potato Poisoning (Green Potato Poisoning, Sprouting Potato Poisoning, Solanum tuberosum Poisoning)
Sweetpea Poisoning (Beta-Aminoproprionitrile Toxicity, BAPN toxicity, Lathyrism, Sweet Pea poisoning)
Tick Paralysis
Zearalenone Toxicity (Mycotoxicosis)

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TOXIC Diseases of Waterfowl
Metals / Minerals

DISEASE (Synonyms)

CAUSAL ORGANISMS / AGENTS (Synonyms)

Arsenic Poisoning (Arsenic Toxicity)
Cadmium Toxicity (Cadmium Poisoning)
Copper Toxicity (Copper Toxicosis, Copper Poisoning, Copper Sulphate Poisoning)
  • Copper [Chemical symbol - Cu]Chemical symbol - Cu]
Fluoride Toxicity (Fluoride Poisoning)
Lead Poisoning (Plumbism, Lead intoxication)
  • Lead [Chemical symbol - Pb]Chemical symbol - Pb]
Mercury Toxicity (Minimata disease , Methylmercury toxicity, mercury poisoning, mercury intoxication)
  • Mercury [Chemical symbol - Hg]Chemical symbol - Hg]
Salt Poisoning (Salt Toxicity, Water Deprivation)
  • Salt [Chemical symbol - NaCl] (Sodium Chloride, Common salt) - excessChemical symbol - NaCl] (Sodium Chloride, Common salt) - excess
Selenium Toxicity (Selenosis, Selenium Poisoning)
  • Selenium [Chemical symbol - Se]Chemical symbol - Se]
White Phosphorus Toxicity (White Phosphorus Poisoning, Elemental Phosphorus Toxicity)
Zinc Toxicity (Zinc toxicity, Zinc poisoning, New Wire Disease)
  • Zinc [Chemical symbol - Zn]

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TOXIC Diseases of Waterfowl
Complex Chemical Compounds

DISEASE (Synonyms)

CAUSAL ORGANISMS / AGENTS (Synonyms)

Anticholinesterase Toxicity (Cholinesterase Inhibitor Toxicity, Carbamate toxicity, Organophosphate toxicity, Carbamate pesticide toxicity, Organophosphorus Pesticide Toxicity, Diazinon Toxicity, Triazophos Poisoning, Parathion Poisoning, Thiophosphate Poisoning, Azodrin Poisoning, Haloxon Poisoning, Insecticide Poisoning, Pesticide Poisoning)
  • Carbamates (Carbaryl, Butylate, Carbofuran, Methomyl, Benomyl, EPTC, Aldicarb, Thiram)
  • Organophosphates (Phosphates e.g. mevinphos, Phosphorothionates e.g. parathion, diazinon, Phosphorothiolates e.g. demeton, omethoate, Phosphorothionothiolates e.g. phorate, malathion, Phosphorodithiolates e.g. ethoprop, Phosphoramidates e.g. fenamiphos, Phosphoramidothionates e.g. isophenphos, Phosphoramidothiolates e.g. methamidophos), Coumaphos (Negasunt), Dichlorvos (Aquagard), Nuvan Top, Diazinon (Droplix), Fenthion (Tiguvon), Phosmet ( Dermol Plus, Nupor, Porect, Poron 20, Vet-Kem Sponge-on))
Anticoagulant Rodenticide Toxicity (Brodifacoum toxicity, Dicumarol toxicity, Warfarin toxicity)
  • Anticoagulant rodenticides (Benzopyrans, Brodifacoum, Bromadiolone, Chlorophacinone, Coumafuryl, Coumatetralyl, Diphacinone, Diphenadione, Dicumarol, Indone, Warfarin, Indanedione derivative)
Coal Tar Toxicity (Coal Tar Poisoning, Creosote Toxicity, Cresol Toxicity)
  • Coal Tar (Anthracene, Cresols, Creosote, Creosotenaphthalene, Dimethylnaphthalenes, Phenanthrene, Pitch greases, Naphthalene)
Cyanide Poisoning (Hydrocyanic Acid Poisoning, Prussic Acid Poisoning, Cyanide Toxicity)
Dimetridazole Toxicity (Anthelmintic Toxicity)
  • Dimetridazole (1,2-dimethyl-5-nitroimidazole, Emtryl, Metronex, Flagyl, Torgyl)
Ethylene Glycol Intoxication  (Ethylene glycol toxicity, Ethylene glycol poisoning)
Fluoroacetamide Toxicity  (1081 poisoning, Fluroacetamide toxicity)
Furazolidone Toxicity (Furazolidone-associated Cardiomyopathy, Nitrofuran Toxicity)
Levamisole Toxicity (Imidazothiazole Toxicity, Tetramisole Toxicity)
  • Levamisole (Imidathiazole, Tetramizole, Anthelpo , Armadose Breakwormer, Bionem, Chanaverm, Decazole, Levacide, Levacur, Levadin, Levam Wormaway, Levipor, Nilverm, Nitratil Pour-on, Ridaverm LD , Ripercol Pour-on, Spartakon, Sure LD, Vermisole, Wormaway)
Metaldehyde Toxicity (Metaldehyde toxicity, Slug-bait toxicity)
Nitrofurazone Toxicity (NFZ Toxicity, Nitrofuran Toxicity)
Oiling (Petroleum Toxicity, Oil Toxicity)
  • Oil (Petroleum products, crude oil, light oil, bunker oil, petrol, gasoline, cooking oil)
Organochlorine Toxicity (Chlorinated Hydrocarbon Insecticide Toxicity)
  • Organochlorines (such at DDT, DDE, DDD, lindane, aldrin, dieldrin, heptachlor, chlordane, endrin, HCH, mirex, chlordecone, toxaphene)
Polychlorinated Biphenyl Toxicity (PCB Toxicity, Aroclor Toxicity, Chlorinated Biphenyl Toxicity)
  • Polychlorinated Biphenyls (Various trade names including Aroclor (USA), Clophens (Germany), Fenclors (Italy), Phenoclors, Pyralenes (France), Kanechlors (Japan))
Strychnine Poisoning (Strychnine Toxicity)
Vitamin D Toxicity (Hypervitaminosis D)

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Micro-nutrient (Vitamin / Mineral) Diseases of Waterfowl

DISEASE (Synonyms)

CAUSAL ORGANISMS / AGENTS (Synonyms)

Biotin Deficiency (Vitamin H deficiency)
  • Biotin (Vitamin H) - deficiency
Choline Deficiency
Folic Acid Deficiency (Folicin Deficiency)
Manganese Deficiency (Perosis)
  • Calcium [Chemical symbol - Ca] - excessChemical symbol - Ca] - excess
  • Manganese [Chemical symbol - Mn] - deficiency
Niacin Deficiency (Nicotinic acid Deficiency)
  • Niacin (Nicotinic acid) - deficiency
Pyridoxine Deficiency (Vitamin B6 deficiency, Pyridoxine deficiency)
  • Pyridoxine (Vitamin B6, Pyridoxine) - deficiency
Riboflavin Deficiency (Vitamin B2 deficiency)
Thiamine Deficiency (Vitamin B1 deficiency, Thiamin deficiency)
Vitamin A Deficiency (Hypovitaminosis A, Retinol deficiency)
Vitamin B12 Deficiency (Cyanocobalamin Deficiency, Cobalamin Deficiency)
Vitamin E / Selenium deficiency (White muscle disease)
  • Selenium [Chemical symbol - Se] - deficiencyChemical symbol - Se] - deficiency
  • Vitamin E (Alpha tocopherol) - deficiency
Vitamin K Deficiency
Zinc Deficiency
  • Zinc [Chemical symbol - Zn] - deficiency

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Physical / Traumatic Diseases of Waterfowl

DISEASE (Synonyms)

CAUSAL ORGANISMS / AGENTS (Synonyms)

Air Sac Injury (Subcutaneous emphysema)
Brachial Paralysis (Wing paralysis)
Burns (Chemical burns, Friction burns Sunburn)
Crushing
Electrocution (Electrical injury, Electrical trauma, Electrical burns, Wire Strike)
Eye Injuries (Ocular Trauma)
Feather Picking (Tail picking)
Foreign Body Entanglement
Frostbite
Hook and Line Injuries
Ice Entrapment
Impact Injury (Flying Accidents, Collision Injury, Wire Strike, Car Accident, Shooting, Shotgun Injury)
Keel Lesions (Keel Sores)
Lacerations / Punctures (Bite Wounds, Predation, Cannibalism)
Leg paralysis (Folded-leg disease, Transportation trauma)
Scalping
Sublingual Impaction
Sunstroke / Heatstroke

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Miscellaneous / Metabolic / Multi-factorial Diseases of Waterfowl

Amyloidosis (Amyloid degeneration, Reactive amyloidosis, Secondary amyloidosis)
Amyloid A (AA), derived from the acute-phase reactant protein apoSAA.
Angel Wing (Slipped wing, Flip wing, Dropped wing, Carpal deformity, Carpometacarpal deformity, Valgus carpal deformity, Heeled-over wing, Rotating wing, Tilt wing, Sword wing, Spear wing, Straw wing, Reversed wing, Aeroplane wing, Drooped wing, Dropped wing, Crooked wing) --
Atherosclerosis --
--
Bumblefoot (Pododermatitis, Chronic arthritis-synovitis, Purulent synovitis)
Calcium / Phosphorus / Vitamin D Imbalance (Rickets, Nutritional Secondary Hyperparathyroidism, Calcium Deficiency, Hypovitaminosis D, Vitamin D3 Deficiency, Calcium - Phosphorus Imbalance, Fibrous Osteodystrophy, Metabolic Bone Disease, Nutritional Bone Disease) --
Caloric Exhaustion (General nutrient deficiency) --
Capture Myopathy (Exertional Myopathy, Stress Myopathy, Exertional Rhabdomyolysis, Overstraining Disease, Polymyopathy, White Muscle Disease, Transport Myopathy, Spastic Paresis, Muscle Necrosis, Leg Paralysis, Muscular Dystrophy, Degenerative Myopathy, Idiopathic Muscle Necrosis, White Muscle Stress Syndrome) --
  • Selenium [Chemical symbol - Se] - deficiencyChemical symbol - Se] - deficiency
  • Vitamin E (Alpha tocopherol) - deficiency
Cataracts
  • Mycobacterium avium-intracellulare complex (MAIC, Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC), MAI Complex, Mycobacterium avium- Mycobacterium intracellulare Complex, Mycobacterium avium, Avian tubercle bacillus; Mycobacterium intracellulare; Battey bacillus Nocardia intracellularis, Mycobacterium intracellularis)
--
Cerebral Lipidosis --
--
--
Chilling/Hypothermia (Hypothermia, Exposure) --
Cloacitis (Vent Gleet)
--
Cloacal Prolapse (Prolapsed Oviduct) --
--
Congenital Abnormalities (Congenital malformation) --
Dead-in-Shell
  • Folic Acid (Folicin) - deficiency
  • Oil (Petroleum products, crude oil, light oil, bunker oil, petrol, gasoline, cooking oil)
  • Pantothenic acid (Vitamin B3, Vitamin B5, Pantothenate) - deficiency
  • Vitamin E (Alpha tocopherol) - deficiency
Drowning --
  • Oil (Petroleum products, crude oil, light oil, bunker oil, petrol, gasoline, cooking oil)
Early Embryonic Death (Early Embryonic mortalitity)
  • Oil (Petroleum products, crude oil, light oil, bunker oil, petrol, gasoline, cooking oil)
  • Vitamin A (Retinol) - deficiency
  • Vitamin E (Alpha tocopherol) - deficiency
Egg Binding (Egg Retention, Eggbound, Dystocia) --
  • Calcium [Chemical symbol - Ca] - excessChemical symbol - Ca] - excess
  • Selenium [Chemical symbol - Se] - deficiencyChemical symbol - Se] - deficiency
  • Vitamin E (Alpha tocopherol) - deficiency
Egg Peritonitis (Egg Yolk Peritonitis, Egg-related Septic Peritonitis)
--
Foreign Body Ingestion (Traumatic Ventriculitis, Hardware Disease) --
  • Lead [Chemical symbol - Pb] - excessChemical symbol - Pb] - excess
  • Zinc [Chemical symbol - Zn] - excess
Gout (Visceral gout, Acute toxic nephritis syndrome, Articular gout) --
  • Calcium [Chemical symbol - Ca] - excessChemical symbol - Ca] - excess
  • Oil (Petroleum products, crude oil, light oil, bunker oil, petrol, gasoline, cooking oil)
  • Protein (Dietary) - excess
  • Salt [Chemical symbol - NaCl] (Sodium Chloride, Common salt) - excessChemical symbol - NaCl] (Sodium Chloride, Common salt) - excess
  • Vitamin A (Retinol) - deficiency
Hatching Problems (Late hatching, early hatching, assisted hatching, failure to pip, malpositioning, hatching failure) --
--
Impaction (Oesophageal Impaction)
  • Amidostomum acutum (Strongylus acutus, Strongylus monodon, Amidostomum monodon, Sclerostoma monodon, Amidostomum chevreuxi, Amidostomum skrjabini, Amidostomum anatinum, Amidostomum fuligulae, Amidostomum biziurae, Amidostomum boschadis, Amidostomum orientale)
  • Amidostomum anseris (Ascaris mucronata, Strongylus mucronata, Strongylus anseris, Strongylus nodulosus, Amidostomum nodulosum, Strongylus nodularis, Trichostrongylus nodularis, Spiroptera uncinata, Strongylus monodon, Sclerostomum mucronatum, Sclerostomum anseris, Amidostomum leucopareiae)
  • Amidostomum cygni (Amidostomum similis)
  • Amidostomum spatulatum
  • Epomidiostomum crami
  • Epomidiostomum orispinum (Strongylus anseris, Strongylus orispinus, Epomidiostomum skrjabin, Epomidiostomum vogelsangi)
  • Epomidiostomum uncinatum (Strongylus uncinatus, Epomidiostomum anatinum)
  • Lead [Chemical symbol - Pb] - excessChemical symbol - Pb] - excess
Mid-incubation Embryonic Death
  • Biotin (Vitamin H) - deficiency
  • Calcium [Chemical symbol - Ca] - deficiencyChemical symbol - Ca] - deficiency
  • Oil (Petroleum products, crude oil, light oil, bunker oil, petrol, gasoline, cooking oil)
  • Phosphorus (Compound) - excess
  • Riboflavin (Vitamin B2) - deficiency
  • Vitamin B12 (Cyanocobalamin, Cobalamin) - deficiency
  • Vitamin D (Vitamin D3) - deficiency
  • Vitamin K - deficiency
Multicentric Mesenchymal Tumours (Multicentric neurofibrosarcoma, Liposarcoma, Disseminated fibrosarcomas, Lipomatosis/fibromatosis, Spindle cell sarcoma) --
--
Neoplasias (Tumours)
Perosis (Slipped tendon, slipped hock) --
Plant-Induced Photosensitization (Primary) (Phytophotodermatitis, Plant-Induced Photosensitisation)
Prolapsed Phallus (Prolapsed penis)
--
Salt Encrustation --
  • Salt [Chemical symbol - NaCl] (Sodium Chloride, Common salt) - excessChemical symbol - NaCl] (Sodium Chloride, Common salt) - excess
Salpingitis (Oviduct Infection, Oviduct Inflammation)
--
--
Soybean Impaction (Crop impaction, Bound crop, Canada goose crop impaction)
  • Glycine max - Soybeans (Dolichos soja, Glycine gracilis, Glycine hispida, Phaseolus max, Soja hispida, Soja max)
  • Vigna unguiculata - Cowpeas (Vigna sinensis)
--
Splay Leg (Sprawls, Spraddle leg, Splayed legs) --
Starvation --
--
Starveout (Starve out, starve-out, Starvation of downies) --
--
Wet Feather (Shaft-lice Infection, Sooty Mould Exposure)
Yolk Sac Retention --
--
--
Yolk Sac Rupture --
--

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